语文议论文

范文一:语文议论文

19.(2011•湖北省襄阳市)阅读议论文《决定成功的利器》,完成22-26题。(12分)

①每一个渴望成功的人,都要先修炼好两把利器,那就是“德”和“才”。只有德才兼备,相得益彰,才能所向披靡,马到成功。

②有这样一个故事。唐太宗李世民登基不久,有人投其所好,敬献给他一张弓。他看了又看,试丁又试,认定是难得一见的好弓。于是得意之余,他就向一个专门制作弓箭的匠人炫耀。 ③但是这个工匠仔细看过之后,却得出了一个意想不到的结论:“这张弓虽然强,但不是好弓!”,唐太宗急问原因。工匠回答说:“一张弓的好坏,不单要看它是否射得远,更要看它是否射得准。而能否射得准,关键取决于做弓用料的纹理是否好。制作此弓木料的木心不在正中间,木头的脉理自然都是斜的。因此,这张弓虽然有力,但射出去的箭势必不走正道,偏离目标,所以

算不上一张好弓。”

④其实工匠的一番话,蕴含着丰富的哲理。他道出了判定人才的两个标准,那就是一个人不但要有能力,更要走正道,即一个人不但要有才,更要有德,德才兼备者才是真正的人才。 ⑤一个人的德,好比一张弓的木心是否在恰当的位置,决定射箭的方向;一个人的才好比一张弓是否有力,决定箭射得远近。有德有才的人就像一张完美的弓,既刚劲有力,射得远,又箭无虚发,射得准。有德无才的人就像一张有缺陷的弓,尽管木心在正中间,射出去的箭走正道,但没后劲,射不远,最终还是难以命中目标。无德有才的人就像一张有危险的弓,尽管射得远,但由于木料的纹理不好,射出去的箭不走正道,结果势必偏离目标,甚至造成严重的危害。无德无才的人就像一张有害无益的弓,不仅木心不正,而且没有力量,只能是成事不足,败事有余。

⑥北宋伟大的政治家、史学家、散

文家司马光以德、才为依据将人分为圣人、愚人、君子、小人四类

—— [甲] 谓之“圣人”; [乙] 谓之“愚人”; [丙] 谓之“君子”; [丁] 谓之“小人”。

⑦司马光认为用人的原则是:假如找不到圣人、君子来用的话,那宁可用愚人,也不用小人。其道理是:君子挟才以为善,小人挟才以为恶。挟才以为善者,善无不至矣;挟才以为恶者,恶亦无不至矣。

⑧由此可见德才对于成功的重要性,而两者又以德为重,所以一个人若想成功,不但要有过人的才能,更要有过人的德行。 ——选自《小品文选刊》2011年第1期,有删改

22.本文阐述的主要观点是什么?(2分)

23.根据文意,将下面四组词分别填入文中第⑥段[甲][乙][丙][丁]处(只填序号)。(2分) ①才德兼无 ②德胜才 ③才胜德 ④德才俱备

[甲]处应填: [乙]处应填:

[丙]处应填: [丁]处应填:

24.第⑤段划线的句子主要使用了什么论证方法?有什么作用?(3分)

25.第④段句子中加点的词语能否去掉?为什么?(3分)

一个人不但要有才,更要有德,德才兼备者才是真正的人才。

26.本文语言富有哲理,给人启迪。请从下列句子中找出你最受启发的一句,谈谈你的理解。(2分)

句一:只有德才兼备,相得益彰,才能所向披靡,马到成功。

句二:有德无才的人就像一张有缺陷的弓,尽管木心在正中间,射出去的箭走正道,但没后劲,射不远,最终还是难以命中目标。

23.(2011•河北省)阅读下面的议论文,回答 14~17题。( 11分)

①现代西方教育中有“尝试错误”的理论;五百年前,明朝人沈君烈就提出“终日学终日误,终日误终日中的观点。可见,在错误中学习,勇于尝试,就有机会获得成功。

②楚汉相争时,项羽的失败,就在于他不知道在错误中学习。每当他有所主张,左右总是连声称“是”,钦佩拜伏。一直到死他还错误地认为是“天之亡我,非战之罪”。平时在百战百胜中,他愈来愈自负。大难临头了,还在高唱“力拔山兮气盖世”。项羽难以放下身段,从自负的巅峰走下来,弄到无颜回江东去的地步,结果只有死路一条。

③刘邦的成功,得益于在错误处注意学习。有人当面指责他,不应该一面洗脚一面和长者说话;有人暗暗提示他,不应该在韩信求封齐王的使者面前发脾气;有人诚恳,怎告他,不应该迷恋各国佳丽,要赶快迁都回关中去……他总会翻然醒悟,在错误中学到很多,终于获得事业的成功。

④由此想起《替虚》上的一句名言:“项羽日胜而亡,高祖日败而王。”因为缺少学习改进的机会,引台至终固守一套僵化的战略,所以日胜反而灭亡;因为在失败之中善于学习,不断总结经验教训,所以日败反而称王。

⑤古语也有“学书纸费,学医人费”的说法。不费纸,学不好写字;不费人,学不好医术。一位成名的书法家,送你一幅字,在背后不知他撕毁了多少张纸,才成就这一幅字。更不要去细数他当年学习过程中墨池皆黑、废纸成堆的境况了。一位医术精湛的大夫,必然诊治得多、观察得多,也累积了许多误诊的教训。古谚说“巧者不过习者之门”。只要不怕错误,反复学习,便能达到巧妙的境地。

⑤“逐日淘沙定有扩,成功的金砖就是从淘洗错误的沙砾中诞生的。有急者,不但不应为错误、失败而气馁,反而应该以失败为师,在错误中汲取教训,从而走向成功的彼岸。

14.选文的中心论点是什么?(2分)

答:

15.选文②③两段的顺序能否调换?请说出理由。

答:

16.请简要分析选文第⑤段的论证思路。(3分)

答:

17.请为选文补充一个事实论据或道理论据。

答:

24.(2011•安徽省芜湖市) 输不丢人,怕才丢人

(1)电影《梅兰芳》中有个十三燕,是个曾名重一时的“伶界大王”。后来,梅兰芳迅速崛起,大有取而代之之势,他与梅兰芳唱对台戏时落于下风。眼见败势已成,他却没有选择逃避。即使面对空旷的戏台,他仍然一丝不苟地坚持唱完了最后一场,并且在临死前留下那句掷地有声的话语:“输不丢人,怕才丢人。”所以,尽管十三燕是个失败的人物,但却是令人敬佩的,因为他道出了一个做人的基本真理,而且自己就是实践这一道理的榜样。

(2)大千世界,我们不论干什么,只要与人对阵,参与竞争,都会有输赢,见高低,而世界上没有常胜将军,胜败乃兵家常事,百战百胜只是神话。因为,天外有天,你厉害还有比你更厉害的,你有降龙十八掌,人家可能有葵花宝典;你有屠龙刀,人家有打狗棒。而且,“江山代有才人出,各领风骚数百年”,三十年河东三十年河西,这几年你得势占优,再过几年,你就可能被淘汰出局。所以,输不丢人。如果害怕丢人,就永远不要参与竞争,就干脆远离红尘。

(3)楚汉之争,项羽的最后悲剧,就在于他的怕丢面子,怕面对江东父老的指责。还是杜牧的《题乌江亭》写得好:“胜败兵家事不期,包羞忍耻是男儿,江东子弟多才俊,卷土重来未可知。”如果项羽能够包羞忍耻东渡乌江,那么鹿死谁手还是个未知数;如果项羽能够忍受打击卷土重来,或许历史将被重新改写。

(4)“初生牛犊不怕虎”,虽然结局并不美妙,不会因为不怕就能克敌制胜,创造奇迹,但不怕虎的精神却是历来被人赞颂的。看《动物世界》,常见这样的镜头,一大群野牛被一只狮子追着跑,我就想,这么多野牛要是团结起来,就是踩也把狮子踩死了,可就是因为怕,总是被狮子欺负,甚至成为狮子的牺牲品。与野牛相比,人是有理智的,“人是会思想的芦苇”,可正因为如此,有些人反而怕得更多,野牛不过怕丢掉性命而已,人还要怕丢面子,怕名声不好,怕被人议论,怕遭人嫉妒,怕不好出门见人,总之是前怕狼后怕虎,结果是害怕丢人却偏偏丢人,不想丢人却处处丢人。

(5)人,能力有大小,水平有高低,既然出来打天下,既然要与人争高低,输赢都是正常的。奥运会上的百米赛场上,无论谁输给博尔特都是再正常不过的,因为那小子是百年一出的短跑奇才,不管你被拉下多大差距,谁也不会笑话你。而你如果因为害怕而退赛,因害怕而战战兢兢,畏畏缩缩,不战自败,那就丢人丢大了。在北京奥运会的乒乓球馆里,我们还看到许多非洲国家的乒乓球运动员,水平连我们的业余选手都不如,仍然面无惧色与世界一流高手过招,观众同样报以热烈的掌声,其中就是对他们不怕精神的鼓励。输球之后,他们照样大大方方地和对手握手拥抱,向观众致谢,他们是虽败犹荣。体育竞赛如此,行行业业也都应该如此。只要不怕强手,敢于“亮剑”,屡败屡战,自强不息,我们就可能杀出自己的一片天地;即便输了,也是虽败犹荣。 (6)“输不丢人,怕才丢人。”诚哉斯言!(作者齐夫,原文有改动)

8.请在下列段落序号间用“//”将文章分成三部分,并概括本文的中心论点。(4分) 答:(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)

中心论点:

9.第(1)段在文章中有什么作用?(4分)

10.第(2)段主要运用了哪种论证方法?说说它在文段中的作用。(4分)

11.参照下面的提示,请补写出第(4)段的论证提纲。(4分)

答: 举野牛的例子论证“ 怕”会输得丢人的道理

12.根据你对第(5)段中“体育竞赛如此,各行各业都应该如此”这句话的理解,补写一个实例。(4分)答:

19.(2011•湖北省襄阳市)【答案】

23.(2011•河北省)【答案】

14.在错误中学习,勇于尝试,就有机会获得成功。

15.不能:因为第②段写项羽,第③段写刘邦,第④段引用名言和论述的内容与②③段的顺序相对应,体现了议论文的结构的严谨。

16.先用古语作为道理论据,接着用学书、学医两个事例进行阐释并作为事实论据,论证中心论点;最后以古谚作精道理论据,再一次论证中心论点。

17.示例一:爱迪生在发明电灯过程中,经过无数次的试验,在失败中不断总结经验教训,最后才获得了成功。示例二:失败是成功之母。

24.(2011•安徽省芜湖市)【答案】

8.①//②③④⑤//⑥ 输不丢人,怕才丢人。9. ①引起读者阅读的兴趣;②引出论题并揭示论点。10.第②段主要采用道理论证,有力论证了“输不丢人”的观点。

11.指出“不怕”的精神历来被人赞颂;由牛及人进一步论证“怕”才丢人的道理。

12.示例:抗日名将戴安澜率师远征,所部陷入日军重围,但将军不畏强敌,浴血奋战,最终壮烈牺牲。其精神彪炳史册,令人敬仰。

12.(2011•江苏省盐城市)

眼界与读书

赵 畅

(1)眼界之于读书的重要性,是不言而喻的。

(2)眼界决定了读书的目的归宿。周总理读书时,提出“为中华之崛起而读书”。周总理的眼界为其发愤读书作了注脚。既立志于“中华之崛起”,就必须好读书,读好书,时时检点自己,提醒自己,因为“中华之崛起”所呼唤的读书人,不仅要有报国之志,更要有报国之才。冯友兰先生曾在一篇文章里提到,作为一个学问家,做学术研究是要做全民族的智囊。这一点,对读书人很有启发。虽然读书人并非一定是学问家,但读书的眼界却力求要高,这样至少就不至于把读书当作可有可无的休闲娱乐或者陷入无聊的泥潭。

(3)眼界也决定了读书人读书的方式方法和兴趣效果。自古至今,读什么书、怎么读,以及怎么防止“死”读书,都需要从实践出发,形成适合每个人自己的读书方式。可以肯定,有着高眼界的读书人,一定会结合实践去读那些更富价值的书籍。一个拥有高远眼界的读书人,还能够牢记使命,超越功利樊篱。他们将读书视为一件高雅而神圣之事,并从广泛的阅读之中、从对历史的理解之中,获得一种对自己时代使命的高度自信并笃行之。

(4)读书的眼界,自然还取决于读书的宽度,这既关乎读书兴趣,亦关乎读书效果。在有些人看来,终日埋头进行科学研究的科学家是一些不近人情、枯燥乏味的“怪人”。事实上,对生活和事业的热爱,使不少科学家逐步成为自然美的追求者与发现者。达尔文“常常几小时地阅读莎士比亚的历史剧”和“拜伦、华尔特•司各特的诗篇”;诺贝尔读过许多名人大

家的文学作品;我国数学家华罗庚、苏步青都非常喜爱古典文学。也许对自然科学家来说,了解文、史、哲方面的知识,会有助他们的逻辑思维变得更开阔,流转自如。同理,文学艺术方面的专家如能多读一点自然科学知识,在创作作品与表达自我的时候,往往也能够更加深刻。

(5)读书不打开眼界,不联系思想实际、工作实际、社会实际,不从书籍中思考点什么、采取点什么、解决点什么,那么我们读书做什么?www.

⑥我以为,读书人欲从书本中汲取力量,高远的眼界是至关重要的。

(选自2011年3月29日《人民日报》,有删改)

14、阅读全文,说说作者在文中表达的主要观点是什么?(3分)

________________________________________________________

15、第(2)段运用了哪些论证方法?有什么作用?

________________________________________________________

16、第(4)段提出了什么见解?作者为什么要写这一段。

________________________________________________________

17、联系实际,谈谈你对文中画线句子的理解。(4分)

________________________________________________________

【答案】

14、读书人欲从书本中汲取力量,高远的眼界是至关重要的。

15、举例论证,列举了周总理、冯友兰读书的例子,有力地证明了“眼界决定了读书的目的归宿”的观点。

16、读书的眼界,自然还取决于读书的宽度。文章第3段说“眼界也决定了读书人读书的方式方法和兴趣效果”,而第3段只论证了“方式方法”,第4段则论证了“兴趣效果”,使得论证更加全面而严密。

17、示例:读书是一件高雅而神圣的事,要从中获得自己的时代使命,并为之努力奋斗。尤其是我们初中生读书,尤其是要超越升学的功利性,明确读书是为了提升自身的文化素质,增强自己的品德修养,获得更多的知识能力。

14.(2011•山东省日照市)阅读下面的文字,完成14~17题。

第二要乐业。“做工好苦呀!”这种叹气的声音,无论何人都会常在口边流露出来。但是我要问他:“做工苦,难道不做工就不苦吗?”今日大热天气,我在这里喊破喉咙来讲,诸君扯直耳朵来听,有些人看着我们好苦;翻过来,倘若我们去赌钱去吃酒,还不是一样在淘神费力?难道又不苦?须知苦乐全在主观的心,不在客观的事。人生从出胎的那一秒钟起到咽气的那一秒钟止,除了睡觉以外,总不能把四肢、五官都搁起不用。只要一用,不是淘神,便是费力,劳苦总是免不掉的。会打算盘的人,只有从劳苦中找出快乐来。我想天下第一等苦人,莫过于无业游民,终日闲游浪荡,不知把自己的身子和心子摆在哪里才好。他们的日子真难过。第二等苦人,便是厌恶自己本业的人,这件事分明不能不做,却满肚子不愿意做。不愿做逃得了吗?到底不能。结果还是皱着眉头,哭丧着脸去做。这不是专门自己替自己开玩笑

吗?我老实告诉你一句话:“凡职业都是有趣味的,只要你肯继续做下去,趣味自然会发生。”为什么呢?第一,因为凡一件职业,总有许多层累、曲折,倘能深入其中,看他变化、进展的状态,最为亲切有味。第二,因为每一职业之成就,离不了奋斗;一步一步的奋斗前去,从刻苦中将快乐的分量加增。第三,职业性质,常常要和同业的人比较骈进,好像赛球一般,因竞胜而得快乐。第四,专心做一职业时,把许多游思、妄想杜绝了,省却无限闲烦恼。孔子说:“知之者不如好之者,好之者不如乐之者。”人生能从自己的职业中领略出趣味,生活才有价值。孔子自述生平,说道:“其为人也,发愤忘食,乐以忘忧,不知老之将至云尔。”这种生活,真算得人类理想的生活了。

(梁启超《敬业与乐业》)

14.选文中,作者针对什么问题提出了什么观点?(2分)

15. 从内容和表达两个方面看,选文开头写作者和某人的对话有什么好处?(4分)

16.选文主要运用了哪些论证方法?试举一例分析。(3分)

17.结合文段内容和自己的体验,说说一个人如何才能做到乐业。(3分)

【答案】14.答案:针对“做工苦”提出“要乐业”的论点。(如答“针对„做工苦‟提出„凡职业都是有趣味的,只要你肯继续做下去,趣味自然会发生‟的论点”也可给分)

评分:本题2分。每个要点1分,意思对即可。

15.答案:内容上:借生活小事引出要说明的道理:凡职业都是有趣味的,只要你肯继续做下去,趣味自然会发生。表达上:采用对话方式亲切平易,如话家常,便于交流,容易产生共鸣。

评分: 本题共4分。每个方面2分,意思对即可。

16.答案:第一问:举例论证、道理论证(引证法)、对比论证 第二问示例:①举例论证:举两等苦人的例子,论述“苦乐全在主观的心,不在客观的事”的道理。②引证法:引用孔子的“知之者不如好知者,好之者不如乐之者”的话,论证“乐业的重要性”。③对比论证:先从反面论述心境不好,什么事都苦;再从正面阐述什么职业都有乐趣。

评分:本题共3分。第一问2分,答出其中两种即可。第二问1分。

17.答案:不畏劳苦;要善于在劳苦中寻找快乐;要全身心投入到职业中,在奋斗中增加快乐的分量;干一行爱一行,以此为乐等。

评分:本题共3分。答出3点得满分,答出2点得2分,答出1点得1分,意思对即可。

15.(2011•上海市)

向字典鞠躬

薛景文

①据《今晚报》的一篇文章透露,大型电视剧《采桑子》拍摄现场“出现了一道好风景”:剧

组中不少人都随身带着字典,一遇到吃不准的问题,就立刻向“老师”请教。主演陈小艺小姐说:“《采桑子》是一部历史剧,文化含量是很高的,自己深感才疏学浅,自然不敢掉以轻心。”这道“好风景”本人虽未能目睹,但还是有眼睛一亮之感。

②这些年来,总是见到“念白字”的新闻。比如苏轼的“转朱阁,低绮户,照无眠”,“绮”读音为qǐ,指有花纹的丝织品,古诗中不是有“遍身罗绮者,不是养蚕人”吗?王菲却唱成了yǐ。又如小天后蔡依林在唱《怀念》时,将“未完的„龃龉‟”一句唱成了“未完的„zǔyǔ‟”。龃龉,正确的读音应是jǔyǔ,本意指上下牙齿不对应,后用来比喻为意见不一致。蔡依林误jǔ为zǔ,想来是受了组、祖等字的影响。最近掀起轩然大波的,是有“才女”之称的伊能静,她在新推出的专辑中唱苏轼的《念奴娇》, 把“羽扇纶巾” 的 “纶” (guān),唱成了“伦理道德”的“伦”。这是一种相当流行的误读。不过,伊能静还是值得称道的,她立即在自己的博客中公开道歉,并特地花了一天时间重新录音。和这些“念白字”的新闻相比,《采桑子》剧组“带着字典拍片”,犹如春风佛过田野,给我们带来了清新的空气。

③其实,在老一辈艺术家中,这种做法早已成为习惯。电影艺术家孙道临便是一个典型的例子。他的银幕形象风流倜傥,按今天的话说,绝对是个“帅哥”;演技更为精湛,一招一式,无不传神。然而他却是“艺高胆不大”,哪怕排练一首短诗,也会在包里装着一本《新华字典》备查,唯恐稍有闪失。正是几十年如一日的“严谨”,练就了他的台词功夫,在演艺界堪称有口皆碑:不仅嗓音浑厚,吐字清晰,而且发音准确,字正腔圆,没有在演出中念过什么白字。孙道临先生曾经真诚地说:“中国字那么多,念不出来没什么难为情;但如果想当然地乱念,那是对不起观众的。”

④由孙道临想到了巴金老人。巴老健在的时候,我们曾多次登门祝贺他的生日。他的书房里有一张简陋的狭小的书桌,《随想录》中的不少文章,便是在这张书桌上完成的,让人见了肃然起敬。我们每次去的时候,见到书桌上除了摊放着纸、笔之外,还有一本《现代汉语词典》。遇到一时想不起来的字,巴老总是会翻开词典,查清楚以后才肯落笔。这就是一代大家的写作态度。《随想录》的手稿本,我至少读过三遍,几乎没发现什么错字,原因大概就在此吧。在我的脑海里,经常会浮现出巴老查阅词典的景象。这是一个寻常的生活镜头,但它象征着一种高尚的文化精神。

⑤字典是知识的海洋,是智慧的宝库,是无声的老师。在校园学习阶段,是字典为我们释疑解惑,不断完善我们的知识结构;在我们工作以后,同样是字典为我们把关纠错,保证文化产品的内容质量和文字质量。一个懂得感恩的人,是不该否认字典在文化生活中的地位的。 ⑥向字典鞠躬吧。从一个人对待字典的态度,是不难看出他的敬业精神和文化良知的。你说是吗?

16.第②段画线句子中的错别字是 ,它的正确写法是 。(2分)

17.第①段中“眼睛一亮”在文中的意思是 。(3分)

18.第③、④段中运用的论证方法是 ,其作用是 ;第⑤段主要论述了 。(8分)

19.下面这段文字在文中组恰当的位置是(3分)

艺术家如此,文学家如此,政治家又何尝不是如此?毛泽东主席便为我们树立了榜样。在那兵荒马乱的年代,《辞源》伴随毛主席转战南北。毛主席深夜写作时,常常会在握笔疾书的间隙,停下来翻翻《辞源》。这是多么耐人寻味的历史细节。

A.②③之间 B.③④之间 C.④⑤之间 D.⑤⑥之间

20.参考《现代汉语词典》对词语的释义,选择正确的词语填在横线处。(4分)

郁达夫说“一粒沙里见世界,半瓣花上说人情”,就是说,要善于用小事情来 (反映、反应)社会,抒发感情,表现思想, (揭示、揭晓)深刻的哲理和普遍规律,这就是“以

小见大”。

《现代汉语词典》释义:

反映:动词(1)反照。比喻把客观事物的实质表现出来。

(2)把情况、意见等告诉上级或有关部门。

反应:动词(1)机体收到体内或体外的刺激引起的相应的活动。

名词(2)事情所引起的意见、态度或行为。

揭示:动词(1)公布,宣布(文告等)。(2)使人看见原来不容易看出来的失误。 揭晓:动词 公布(事情的结果)。

【答案】

16、佛 拂

17、“我”对《采桑子》剧组人员遇到生字就查字典的举动感到新奇

18、例证法 列举孙道临和巴金的事例具体生动地论证了字典对人们学习及工作的帮助和人们对字典应持有认真的态度 字典在人们文化生活中的地位

19、C

20、反映 揭示

范文二:语文议论文

初中语文语法

议论文的三要素:论点、论据和论证(鲜明的论点,确凿的论据,严密的论证)

一、论点的特点:①正确②鲜明

归纳论点的方法:1、标题2、文章开头3、结尾4、中间:

①通过归纳总结论据的共同点来推断出论点

②总结性的词体现中心论点的句子(例如:由此可见;我认为;总之——)

③先找出文章的论题,然后依据论题在文中找出反复出现的类似的论断性的话,合并同类项,最后归纳。

注意:归纳论点的句子必须是完整而鲜明的肯定性的论断的句子。

二、论据

事实论据(如现实事件、历史事实、统计材料、具体数字等)

理论论据:(包括人们公认的原理、公式、定义、法则、规律、名言警句等。)

归纳论据的要点:××人+怎么做(与论点密切相关的方面)+结果

注意:在引用中可能有些不是名言,而是具体的事实,那是事实论据。

三、论证方法及其作用

举例论证(事例论证)、引用论证(道理论证)、比喻论证、 对比论证(正反对比论证)。

一、例证法(摆事实):具体典型而且充分地证明了某一论点。

二、引证法(讲道理):引用了什么论证了某一论点,使论证具有说服力。

三、喻证法(讲道理):形象生动地阐述了某一论点,使说理更通俗易懂。

四、对比法(讲道理):通过对比,突出强调了某一论点,使说理更鲜明。

四、分析议论文的表达方式

1、议论文中的记叙,往往概括性很强,作用:用事实证明某一观点或主张。

2、议论文中时而有生动形象的描写,作用:更鲜明生动地证明了某一观点。

3、议论中的抒情,会使议论更有感染力,更深入人心。

范文三:语文议论文

议论文知识点和考点

【知识点】

1、议论文的三要素:论点,论据,论证

• 论点:中心论点和分论点

↑(证明)

• 论据:事实论据和道理论据

• 论证:论据证明论点的过程

2、议论文的分类:立论和驳论(论证方式)

3、议论文的结构 :

基本结构:引论——开头部分,提出问题。

本论——主体部分,分析问题。

结论——结尾部分,解决问题。

论证结构:并列式

对照式

层进式

总分式——总分

分总

总分总

4、论证的方法:举例论证、引用论证、对比论证、比喻论证、类比论证

5、议论文的语言:准确、严密

【论点的引入】(论点——是作者对某个问题所持的见解和主张)

(1)开门见山提出中心论点

(2)针对现象提出问题,再提出中心论点

(3)根据亲身经历的某个生活事例提出论点

(4)从故事中引出问题,再提出论点

(5)用某种方法提出中心论点。比如,比喻、对比等等

【论点的表述形式】往往是一个表肯定的判断句,它必须是明确的表态性的句子,可以是单句,也可以是复句。 如:“……是……”;“我们要/应该……”

【题型】1、归纳和找出文章的中心论点或分论点 2、补出中心论点或分论点

【论点一般位置】

1)看标题(论点式、论题式)

2)看开头(不仅第一段,中心句)

3)看结尾(扣中心,点中心)

分论点:段落的首尾句(比较概念大小)

论据——是用来证明论点的事实和道理。

1、论据的类型:①事实论据 ②道理论据

2、论据的作用:证明中心论点、分论点、论证过程中的某一论述

【题型】

1、概括论据——技巧:必须包含两要素:人物+事情(+时间、地点、环境、结果)

2、补充论据——技巧:(1)基本要求:a、要典型;b、要真实;c、要一致;d、要简概括。

(2)格式:人物(谁)+事例(怎么做+结果怎么样)+简短评

也可模仿原文的事例格式来写

3、论据还原(放回原文的什么位置及理由)

4、论据的作用(举…的事例,阐明了…)

5、论据的典型性、全面性

理清论证过程

1、基本结构:提出问题——分析问题——解决问题。

1)纵式:①层层深入 ②起—承—转—合。

2)横式:①总—分—总;②总—分;③分—总。

【题型】论证要严密、具有说服力。

1、全文结构的划分

2、对重点语段的层次划分

3、分析过渡句或起始句、结尾句的作用

4、段落能否调换位置( A:古今中外B:逻辑、递进、转折、因果)

议论文的语言

1、议论文语言风格——概括性强、严密周到。好的议论文,不仅能以理服人,而且能以情动人,具有强烈的感性色彩。其中的语言饱含感情,掷地有声。

2、阅读议论文,就要抓住这些关键性句子中的关键性词语,反复琢磨。

1)修饰语、限制语的运用。

2)复句的运用。(并列、递进、因果、条件、假设、转折)

3)语序的安排。(逻辑关系)

4)情感倾向的表达。(修辞、句式:对比、排比、反语、反问等)

范文四:语文议论文论据

宽容

1,退一步海阔天空。

2,不会宽容别人,是不配受到别人的宽容的。——屠格涅夫《罗亭》

3,遇方便时行方便,得饶人处且饶人。——《西游记》

1, 鲍叔荐管仲

春秋时,齐襄公被杀后,公子小白和公子纠为争夺王位而战。鲍波助小白,管仲助纠。双方交战中,管仲曾用箭射中了小白衣带上的钩子,小白险遭丧命。后来小白做了齐国国君,即齐桓公。

齐桓公执政后,任命鲍叔为相国。可鲍叔心胸宽广,有智人之明,坚持把管仲推荐给桓公。他说:“只有管仲能担任相国要职,我有五个方面比不上管仲:宽惠安民,,让百姓听从君命,我不如他:治理国家,能确保国家的根本权益,我不如他;讲究忠信,团结好百姓,我赶不上他;制作礼仪,使四方都来效法,我不如他;指挥战争,使百姓更加勇敢,我不如他。”齐桓公也是宽容大度的人,不记射钩私仇,采纳了鲍叔的建议,重用管仲,任命他为相国。管仲担任相国后,协助桓公在经

济、内政、军事方面进行改革,数年之间,齐转弱为强,成为春秋前期中原经济最发达的强国,齐醒公也就了“九合诸候,一匡天下”的霸业。

2,清朝时期,宰相张廷玉与一位姓叶的侍郎都是安徽桐城人。两家毗临而居,都要起房造屋,为争地皮,发生了争执。张老夫人便修书北京,要张宰相出面干预。这位宰相到底见识不凡,看罢来信,立即做诗劝导老夫人:"千里家书只为墙,再让三尺又何妨?万里长城今犹在,不见当年秦始皇。"张母见书明理,立即把墙主动退后三尺;叶家见此情景,深感惭愧,也马上把墙让后三尺。这样,张叶两家的院墙之间,就形成了六尺宽的巷道,成了有名的"六尺巷"。张廷玉失去的是祖传的几分宅基地,换来的确是邻里的和睦及流芳百世的美名。

3,有一次,理发师正在给周总理刮胡须时,总理突然咳嗽了一声,刀子立即把脸给刮破了。理发师十分紧张,不知所措,但令他惊讶的是,周总理并没有责怪他,反而和蔼地对他说:"这并不怪你,我咳嗽前没有向你打招呼,你怎么知道我要动呢?"这虽然是一件小事,却使我们看到了周总理身上的美德——宽容

合作

1,人心齐,泰山移。

2,一滴水只有放进大海里才永远不会干涸,一个人只有当他把自己和集体事业融合在一起的时候才能最有力量。 ——雷锋

3,天时不如地利,地利不如人和。——孟子 1,有一个老人年纪大了,他的五个儿子经常吵架,很不和睦,一点儿都不团结合作。有一天老人把五个儿子叫到身边,并给了他们每人一双筷子,让他们折断。老人告诉大家:只有团结起来力量才会更大,兄弟闲合作才会有幸福的家庭。

2,上帝分给两个家庭两把长筷子。第一个家庭把长筷子当作普通筷子使用,把食物只往自己嘴里送,可是筷子太长了,他们根本就吃不到食物,结果都饿死了。而第二个家庭却把食物往对方的嘴里送,他们互相喂食,互相帮助,他们一家就活了下来。所以这告诉我们:要生存就要互相合作,这样才能团结进步。 3,曾经有人做过这样一个实验:在一个细口瓶里放着几个用细线捆好的重物,让几个孩子分别把重物从瓶子里提出来。实验表明,没有良好合作习惯的孩子,很难顺利地把重物依

次提出,而懂得合作的孩子就能在最短的时间完成任务。

坚持

1,只有恒心可以使你达到目的。——席勒 2,锲而舍之,朽木不折,锲而不舍,金古可镂。——荀子

3,只要持之以恒,知识丰富了,终能发现其奥秘。——杨振宁

1,爱迪生被世人誉为“发明大王”,他一生为人类提供了约二千项大小发明。他成功的秘廖就是“勤奋”加“坚持”。为了寻找灯泡内的耐热材料,他先后试用了大约六千种纤维材料,最后找到了碳化竹丝。第一盏竹丝灯虽然亮了1200个小时。但他继续不断探索,持之以恒,不断改进,最后发展到钨丝灯,前后花了20年时间。

2,鲁迅从 1907 ~ 1936 年 30 年间写作(包括翻译)了 500 多万字的著作。在此期间,他不管工作、写作再忙,客观环境如何艰苦、恶劣,身体条件再差,都一直坚持写日记。 20 余年,从不间断,只有到最后病危的时候,才被迫停下笔来。

3,1508 年,意大利雕塑家、画家、诗人米

开朗琪罗接受了为罗马西斯廷教堂绘屋顶大壁画的任务。任务相当艰巨:屋顶高达 20 多米,面积 300 平方米,画中人物 340 多个。他夜以继日地工作,多少次从脚手架上摔下来,还摔成过重伤。经过 4 年零 3 个月的艰苦努力,终于完成了这幅轰动全意大利的巨幅壁画。

竞争

1,君子和而不同,小人同而不和。

2,消灭了敌人的同时,也就等于消灭了自己。——毛泽东

3,你有一个苹果,我有一个苹果,我们相互交换,我们仍然只有一个苹果;你有一个思想,我有一个思想,我们相互交换,我们就有了两个思想。

1,古代日本的老渔民发现如果将几条剩性活泼的沙丁鱼放入一群被打捞的懒惰的鲇鱼当中。由于好动的沙丁鱼在鲇鱼中乱窜,给鲇鱼带来一中危机感,它们奋力游动,从而避免了由于窒息而亡。这便是有名的鲇鱼效应。 2,下过跳棋的人动知道,6个人各霸一方,互相是竞争队手。大家彼此动想先人一不,将自己的6颗玻璃球尽快移到预定地点。如果你

只讲求合作,放弃竞争。一味地为别人搭桥铺路,那别人会先到达目的地。热你则会落后于人,最终落得个失败的下场。相反,如果你只注意竞争,而忽视合作。一心只想拆别人的路,反而延误了你自己的正事。你还是不会获胜的。

3,三国时期,曹操手下的张辽,乐进共守合肥。一次孙权发乒十万来攻,二人是五子良将之二,同等功绩,以前素有矛盾,但面对强敌,仍能互补互助,共进共退。终于大破敌军。

范文五:语文议论文语段

语文作文 议论文语段学案 语段结构类型(1)

一.语段结构:

一个标准的议论段——麻雀虽小五脏俱全的那种,应该依次包含如下五种功能不同的句子

二.语段示例:

知识就是力量。(观点句)它首先是一种难以量化的、伟大的精神智慧,当然更可转化为具体的、可见的、巨大的物质力量。(阐释句)一介书生,手无缚鸡之力,却可以坐知天下之事。(材料句)凭什么?知识,以及知识带来的预见性。(分析句)史蒂芬.霍金,被卢伽雷氏症(肌萎缩性侧索硬化症)禁锢在轮椅上20多年,全身能“活动”的,除了眼睛,只剩一根食指,但这并不影响他能够成为继爱因斯坦之后当代最伟大的理论物理学家、享有国际声誉的伟人、超人。(材料句)靠什么?知识——关于宇宙奥秘:天体物理、时空本质的最新知识,最富有想象力、创造力的智慧。(分析句)可见,知识能够改变世界,知识能够决定命运,知识能够给人自由。(结论句)

三.语段的类型:

1、并列型:

“知羞耻成人”,一直都是仁人志士立身做人的宝贵经验和修身养性的重要法宝。清代学者朱起凤年轻时在一家书院教书,因为没有弄清“首施两端”和“首鼠两端”两词通用,而错判学生的作文,遭到众人的奚落。他知羞耻而发愤图强,潜心于词语研究,编成了300多万字的《辞通》,为汉语言文字的发展做出了重要贡献。英国生物学家谢灵顿早年沾染恶习,在向一位女工求婚时,被姑娘一句“我宁愿跳进泰晤士河里淹死,也不会嫁给你”的话深深刺痛,从此钻研医学和生物学,并最终在1932年获得了诺贝尔医学奖。所以说,知羞耻不仅是做人的基本,在某种意义上也是成就事业的起步。

分析:两个事例地位相同,一句话概括材料,一句话分析材料。

2、正反型:

沉稳从无欲而来。孟子曰:“无欲者,可王矣。”无欲就是没有私欲,作大事者,不能因蝇头私利而毁坏全局,只有这样才能练就出沉稳的性格,赢得最终的胜利。如来佛祖抛除私欲,性格沉稳,终修成正果,普渡众生,诸葛孔明淡泊明志,宁静致远,终运筹帷幄,功成名就。有了私欲,心中自然无法沉稳下来,遇事则慌,处事则乱。霸王以一己私欲,赶走亚父,气走韩信,终被困垓下,遗憾千古,长使英雄泪满襟。霸王之败,后人哀之。后人哀之而不鉴之,则必使后人而复哀后人矣。

3、归纳型:

勤出成果。马克思写《资本论》,辛勤劳动40年,阅读了数量惊人的书籍,其中作过笔记的就有1500种以上。司马迁著《史记》,从二十岁起就开始周游,足迹遍及黄河、长江流域,汇集了大量的社会素材和历史素材,为《史记》的创作奠定了基础。歌德花了58年时间,搜集了大量材料,写出了对世界文学界和思想界产生很大影响的诗剧《浮士德》。我国现代数学家陈景润,在攀登数学高峰的道路上,翻阅了国内外的上千本有关资料,通宵达旦地看书学习,取得了震惊世界的成就。上海一个女青年坚持自学,十年如一日,终于考上了高能物理研究生。可见,任何一项成就的取得都是与勤分不开的。古今中外概莫能外。

四.练习与提高:

请你把下面文章中的三句话作为文段的论点和开头第一句话,续写三个不少于200字的语段。

成功源于坚持的力量

微不足道的沙砾要经过痛苦过才能变成价值连城的珍珠,靠的是坚持的力量;展翅飞翔的雄鹰要经过多次的尝试才能在空中自由翱翔,靠的是坚持的力量;盛气凌人的梅花要经过寒风的磨砺才能凌寒独自开,靠的也是坚持的力量。平庸无闻的人要经历种种磨难才能成为一个成功、举世闻名的人,靠的又何尝不是坚持的力量。(开头段落)

(一)学习上的成功源于对目标孜孜不倦的坚持。……

(二)工作上的成功源于对事业永不言弃的坚持。……

(三)生活上的成功源于对快乐美好向往的坚持。……

成功源于坚持的力量。无论面对学习、工作还是生活上的种种磨砺,坚持下去吧,因为坚持就会成功,坚持就是胜利!(结尾段落)

语文议论文语段学案 观点与材料的运用 (2)

一、温故知新:

1、 标准语段的五种句子 : 观点句、阐释句、材料句、分析句、结论句。

2、 语段组成示例:

知识就是力量。(观点句)它首先是一种难以量化的、伟大的精神智慧,当然更可转化为具体的、可见的、巨大的物质力量。(阐释句)一介书生,手无缚鸡之力,却可以坐知天下之事。(材料句)凭什么?知识,以及知识带来的预见性。(分析句)史蒂芬.霍金,被卢伽雷氏症(肌萎缩性侧索硬化症)禁锢在轮椅上20多年,全身能“活动”的,除了眼睛,只剩一根食指,但这并不影响他能够成为继爱因斯坦之后当代最伟大的理论物理学家、享有国际声誉的伟人、超人。(材料句)靠什么?知识——关于宇宙奥秘:天体物理、时空本质的最新知识,最富有想象力、创造力的智慧。(分析句)可见,知识能够改变世界,知识能够决定命运,知识能够给人自由。(结论句)

3、 三种语段的基本构成:

1、并列型:

观点句。阐释句。并列材料句一。分析句一。并列材料句二。分析句二。结论句

2、正反型:

观点句。阐释句。正面材料句。分析句。反面材料句。分析句。结论句。

3、归纳型:

观点句。阐释句。材料句一。材料句二。材料句三。材料句四。结论句。

二、 新课讲述: 阐释观点,分析道理

下面三个语段各是从哪些方面进行分析说理的?

文段1:自由不是随心所欲的风,它应在该驻足的地方驻足,在该飞翔的地方飞翔;自由不是放浪不羁的海涛,它应在龟裂之地飞扬,在汪洋之地遁形;自由不是肆无忌惮的野花,它应在阳光明媚中露脸,在电闪雷鸣中俯首。 文段2:“知羞耻成人”,前提是要明于羞耻的界限,保持清醒的认识。当前,我们处于一个急剧转型的社会环境,大量涌入的外来文化和各种各样的外在诱惑,对人们的生活方式和价值取向、思想观念产生了负面影响,以致使一些人思想混乱、价值迷惘,对什么是羞耻、什么不是羞耻分辨不清。当一个人对真善美与假丑恶缺乏辨别力,头脑中分不清耻与荣时,什么愚昧无知、好逸恶劳、损己利人、见利忘义、违法乱纪、骄奢淫逸,甚至危害祖国、背离人民的事情都有可能做出来。现代社会是多元的、开放包容的,但在基本准则上依然有自己的底线,人们无论怎么选择,都离不开做人的本色和遵守社会运行的基本规则。只有树立正确的荣辱观,善于辨别羞耻的界限,才能知羞耻而成人。《(知羞耻成人》)

文段3:“知羞耻成人”,关键是在于严格的道德自律,强化思想内省。“知耻近乎勇”。道德自律产生的羞耻感是人类趋于完善的动力,使人自爱、自重、自尊、自律,使人止于礼、合乎情、趋于善、臻于美,使人深刻反省、改正缺失。道德自律、知羞耻有助于阻人为恶。劝人从善。难怪英国作家卡莱尔说:“羞耻心是所有品德的源泉。”增强人们的羞耻感受,加强思想道德修养,可以造就具有良好品德的人。加强社会主义“荣辱观”教育,首要的就是要教育人们把荣荣、耻耻作为一个社会公民的起码准则。(《知羞耻成人》)

分析例子,就例析理

(一)为什么要分析事例? 重要原则:扣住材料分析它是如何体现观点的。分析是联系论点和论据的桥梁,是丰富文章内容的关键。用事例论证不是做数学的证明题,不能摆个事例就了事。围绕论点摆出论据后之后,一定要围绕论点对论据从理论上加以分析,分析一下它与论点之间有什么关系,讲清它们为什么能证明论点,千万不能摆事实而不讲道理,只是单纯地罗列事例。分析是联系论点和论据的桥梁,是丰富文章内容、开掘议论文深度的关键。有了分析,就能使事例和论点成为有机的统一体;只有通过理性的分析,揭示出事例与论点之间的关系,才能使文章产生令人信服的逻辑力量。

(二)怎样分析事例?

1、归纳分析法 文章在列举了几个属性相同的事例后,对其进行归纳分析,由诸多个“前提”概括出特殊的结论,回扣深化其结论。

例①勤出成果。马克思写《资本论》,辛勤劳动40年,阅读了数量惊人的书籍,其中作过笔记的就有1500种以上。司马迁著《史记》,从二十岁起就开始周游,足迹遍及黄河、长江流域,汇集了大量的社会素材和历史素材,为《史记》的创作奠定了基础。歌德花了58年时间,搜集了大量材料,写出了对世界文学界和思想界产生很大影响的诗剧《浮士德》。我国现代数学家陈景润,在攀登数学高峰的道路上,翻阅了国内外的上千本有关资料,通宵达旦地看书学习,取

得了震惊世界的成就。上海一个女青年坚持自学,十年如一日,终于考上了高能物理研究生。可见,任何一项成就的取得都是与勤分不开的。古今中外概莫能外。

2、假设分析法 这种分析法是假设材料能达到某种结果的条件不存在,将会出现什么结果。还可以同时与原条件的结果进行比较,通过这种比较来论证论点的成立。

例如,为了证明“立志”的重要性引用了王羲之练字的事例。王羲之9岁就开始练字,立志要做书法家,无论酷暑严寒,还是刮风下雨,从不间断。他在绍兴兰亭的一个水池边练字,池水都被他洗笔砚洗黑了,他那俊秀飘逸的字体,千百年来被人们奉为瑰宝。假如王羲之根本没有想过当什么书法家,只是平庸过日子,那么他绝不可能有什么坚强的意志去练字,那么王羲之其人也不为我们后人所知。正因为他从小立下了苦练书法,才会成为一代书法家。

材料:

泰戈尔说:“任何鸟翼坠上黄金,都不能再高飞了。”(材料句)…… ……因此,人啊,千万不要沦为金钱的奴隶。 ⑴泰戈尔说:“任何鸟翼坠上黄金,都不能在高飞了。”(材料句)翅膀本是用来追求飞翔的快乐与自由的,倘若用来追求金钱,则失去了翅膀本来的作用。生命本是用以追求自然的奥秘、精神的浩瀚、灵魂的自由的,倘若仅仅用来追求金钱、追求物质享乐,则失去了生命本身的价值与意义,失去了作为人本该享受的精神的快乐与自由。因此,人啊,千万不要沦为金钱的奴隶。(结论句)

⑵泰戈尔说:“任何鸟翼坠上黄金,都不能在高飞了。”(材料句)显然,“鸟翼”象征理想、追求,而“黄金”则代表物质享受。那么,只要在“鸟翼”与“黄金”之间划上等号或是将二者紧紧的捆绑在一起,那么,一个人的精神自由、人生价值便宣告结束了。鸟翼坠上黄金,飞鸟失去的只是蔚蓝的天空和飞翔的快乐;灵魂坠上黄金,人类则失去了应有的善良、自由、快乐和尊严。因此,人啊,千万不要沦为金钱的奴隶。(结论句)

【课堂训练】:

在省略号处写上分析的内容。一千个“0”,也比不上一个“1”。(材料句)…… ……(分析句)空谈永远比不上实干,空想永远不如务实。(结论句)

3、探究原因法 用“这是什么原因造成的呢?原来……”引出探究和剖析事理的文字,从因果关系上把论点和论据联系起来。具体说就是对事例中的行为,沿着“为什么”这条思路,探求其根源,发现其本质,使内容逐步深化。

例,如为了证明“人要立志”这一论点,举了这样一个事例:据说,牛顿小时候并不聪明,有一次,父亲叫他在门上打个洞,让猫和狗出入方便些,他却打了两个洞,说是因为有两只小动物。尽管如此,牛顿在立志探索科学奥秘的过程中,因刻苦钻研取得了累累硕果。一个人立了志,就像机器上安了发动机,就有了使不完的劲。牛顿就是因为在这“使不完的劲”的推动下,取得了巨大的成功,成为著名的科学家。

例如,五十年代初,钱学森冲破重重阻拦,终于回到了新中国的怀抱。美国海军次长金波尔在得知他要回国时,立即给美国移民当局写信,声称:“我宁肯把这家伙毙了,也不能让他回国。因为对我们来说至关重要的东西,他知道得太多了。任何时候,他一个人都足以抵得上五个现代加强机械师。”(材料句)为什么他(钱学森)一个人任何时候都足以抵得上五个师呢?还不是因为为他的头脑里掌握了太多高深、前沿的现代科学理论和高精尖的现代科学技术?还不是因为这些关于“原子能量”的“知识”足以增强一个国家的实力甚至改变整个世界、决定人类命运?(分析句)可见,知识就是力量。(结论句)

【课堂训练】:在省略号处写上分析的内容。一千个“0”,也比不上一个“1”。(材料句)…… ……(分析句)空谈永远比不上实干,空想永远不如务实。(结论句)

4、评析法 这种方法是通过揭示论据所蕴涵的作用、意义,或予以高度评价,或揭示其危害,从而证明论点提出的看法和主张的影响、价值、效果等。

例,《崇高的理想》:正因为伟大的理想合乎社会的进步,合乎人民的利益,合乎社会发展的规律,所以对于一些具有伟大理想并为伟大理想而斗争的人,千百年来人们一直在尊重他们,怀念他们,纪念他们。相反地,对于一些破坏这些理想,阻挠这些理想实现的人,千百年来,人们一直怀恨他们,憎恶他们,咒骂他们。前一种人,在传说中和历史上是很多的。如众所周知的,夏禹在治水十三年中,三过家门而不入;李冰父子为了解决当时成都平原的水利问题,不知克服了多少困难,终于修成了泽被后世的都江堰;扁鹊深入民间,“周游列国”,“随俗为变”,解除人民疾病的痛苦;还有我们所熟知的出身贫苦的黄道婆,她从海南黎族地区回到故乡(上海市郊),把当时海南岛先进的纺织工具和她熟练掌握的纺织技术毫无保留地传给家乡的人们。这些人千百年来一直受到人们的尊重、怀念。汉代的霍去病,为了国家的生存和强盛,在戎马中度过了一生。宋代的岳飞,为了挽救国家的危亡,离妻别母,转战疆场,最后和自己的儿子一起屈死在风波亭上。文天祥,抗击当时的元兵进攻,坚贞不屈;被敌人抓住后,仍旧临危不苟,和敌人作

了坚决的斗争,誓死不投降。清代的林则徐,坚决反对帝国主义的侵略,和腐朽的当权派作斗争,及至充军伊犁,他一点也不灰心,一直没有忘记帝国主义对我国的侵略,而且在那里和群众一道修水利、栽葡萄,为当地人民造福。洪秀全,看到当时清室的腐败,民不聊生,看到当时的帝国主义吞并中国的阴谋,就聚集群众,要把清室推翻,为中国找出一条出路。孙中山,为了推翻清朝,为了建立一个强盛的中国,他奋斗了四十年……所有这些人,都是有伟大理想并坚决为他们的伟大理想而斗争的人。他们的理想不是为了哪个人,而是为了国家,为了民族,符合广大的人民的利益。他们为了自己的伟大的理想,有些人家可以不要,有些人官可以不做,有些人生命可以抛弃,有些人真正是做到了“富贵不能淫,贫贱不能移,威武不能屈”的地步。这样的一些人,是永远不会从人民的心中消逝的。相反地,在我们的历史上,也有不少为着个人的利益和少数人集团的利益,不惜专门破坏人民的、民族的伟大理想的败类,如宋朝的秦桧,明朝的洪承畴,清朝的曾国藩,以及后来的袁世凯、蒋介石、汪精卫等等。他们一直遭到了和将要永远遭到人们的憎恶、咒骂;咒骂之不足,人们还通过许多文学艺术作品,对他们不遗余力地进行了鞭挞。

【课堂训练】:在省略号处写上分析的内容。一千个“0”,也比不上一个“1”。(材料句)…… ……(分析句)空谈永远比不上实干,空想永远不如务实。(结论句)

5、正反对比法 根据所举正反两方面的事例材料作对照分析,通过比较,突出阐发的事理。

请大家看一例示范:

材料:《老子•道德经》有云:“合抱之木,生于毫末;九层之台,起于累土;千里之行,始于足下。”(材料句)…… ……可见,一切贵在“始”。

《老子•道德经》有云:“合抱之木,生于毫末;九层之台,起于累土;千里之行,始于足下。”(材料句)“合抱之木”,不可谓不“大”;“九层之台”,不可谓不“高”;“千里之行”,不可谓不“远”。然而,这“大”“高”“远”,都是从“毫末”“累土”“足下”开始的。(正面分析)不自“毫末”,何来“合抱”?不起“累土”,哪来“九层”?不始“足下”,何以“千里”?(反面阐释)(分析句)可见,一切贵在“始”。(结论句)

同样是这则材料,我们还可以推导出“成功贵在„积累‟”、“大小、高矮、多少、远近等等都是辩证统一的”等结论: 《老子•道德经》有云:“合抱之木,生于毫末;九层之台,起于累土;千里之行,始于足下。”(材料句)…… ……可见,成功贵在“积累”。

《老子•道德经》有云:“合抱之木,生于毫末;九层之台,起于累土;千里之行,始于足下。”(材料句)“合抱之木”,不可谓不“大”;“九层之台”,不可谓不“高”;“千里之行”,不可谓不“远”。然而,这“大”“高”“远”,都是由“毫末”“累土”“足下”一点点累积而成的。(正面分析)没有“毫末”之积,何来“合抱”之大?没有“累土”之积,哪来“九层”之高?没有“足下”之积,怎至“千里”之远?(反面阐释)(分析句)可见,成功贵在“积累”。(结论句)

《老子•道德经》有云:“合抱之木,生于毫末;九层之台,起于累土;千里之行,始于足下。”(材料句)…… ……可见,大小、高矮、多少、远近等等都是对立统一的。

《老子•道德经》有云:“合抱之木,生于毫末;九层之台,起于累土;千里之行,始于足下。”(材料句)“合抱之木”,不可谓不“大”;“九层之台”,不可谓不“高”;“千里之行”,不可谓不“远”。然而,这“大”“高”“远”,都是由“毫末”“累土”“足下”一点点发展而来、累积而成的。这“大”“高”“远”中分别包含着“小”“矮”“近”,“小”“矮”“近”中则分别孕育着“大”“高”“远”;矛盾的双方既对立又统一,互为前提,相互依存,相辅相成,交错共生。(正面分析)没有“大”,也就无所谓“小”;没有“矮”,也就无所谓“高”;没有“远”,也就无所谓“近”……(反面论证):可见,大小、高矮、多少、远近等等都是辩证统一的。(结论句)

四、强化训练:

1、请依据下文的开头,按照要求续写一段话。

我非常喜欢这句名言。大千世界,浩浩尘寰,庸庸碌碌过一生的人不计其数,然而久经磨练、矢志不渝,最终达到光辉顶点的人也不可胜数。缘其区别,一个重要的方面就是他们立志的高与低、远与近,也就是想“当将军”还是想“当士兵”。

在这开头中,提出了“志当存高远”的中心观点。请续写一段话分析这一观点。

2、请阅读下面材料,按照要求作文。

有谁不喜欢那葱郁的绿树?人类赖以生存的大地,绝不能缺乏绿树。绿树使大地充满了勃勃生机,为自然调节气候,给人类带来幸福。绿树为了这一切,必须深深扎根于土壤之中不断吸收水分和养料。有人曾经作过试验,一棵不大的白杨,一昼夜吸收的水分竟达到5000克之多。

请根据上述材料,确立一个观点,然后联系现实生活,选取一个事例,写一段以事实论据加分析总结为主要内容的议论文段,字数不超过300字。

范文六:议论文语言

神采飞扬酿佳句,语不惊人死不休——风采篇

孔子说:“言之无文,行而不远。”这里的“文” 指的就是语言的文采。一篇文章没有文采,就淡而无味,如同嚼蜡,难以得到阅卷老师的赏识。因此,我们要想使自己的文章在众多的考卷中脱颖而出,就得精心锤炼语言,使之或清丽、或朴素、或明朗、或含蓄、或机智幽默、或情趣盎然、或精辟深邃、或气势飞扬、或激情澎湃……字斟句酌细推敲,语不惊人死不休!如果说思想是魂魄,那么语言便是衣裳;如果能给思想披上一身美丽的外衣,那么它便能魅力倍增,绚丽夺目。

高考对作文语言的要求:

基础等级:语言通顺、流畅、无语病

发展等级:1.语言要有文采、有新意

那么如何才能秀出语言美呢?

(一)从语言本身美化做起

在准确、连贯、得体的前提下,下列四个方面是有效的语言美化途径

1、学会拓展描写,使语言富丽起来。

2、巧用修辞,使语言生动起来。

3、活用名言警句,使语言夺人眼球

4、多用句式,使语言活泼起来

(1)学会拓展描写,使语言富丽起来。

书评家萧乾先生曾说:“文字是天然含蓄的东西。”同样的内容,同样的构思,有的人写出来会让读者觉得苍白无力,有的就会让人觉得韵味无穷。在写作中,对所描写的事物增加恰如其分的修饰语言,会使表达的内容更有立体感。

景物叙述,可在绘色,状形,拟声等方面拓展,绘声绘色给人以如见其形,如闻其声,那临其境之感。

我们来看一个例句。

“月亮照在草原上”

这是平实的叙述,如在三个主要词语上增加修饰成分,那感觉就不一样了。我们来看一下修改后的句子

“(皎洁的)月亮(温柔地)照在(故乡辽阔的)草原上。”

又如“翠鸟飞走了” 荷茎上的那只(具体)翠鸟突然贴着水面象箭一样地往远处(生动、形象)飞走了。

如果是人物叙述,可在表情,手势、别人的衬托等方面拓展,让人活灵活现于眼前,人物鲜活这便是美。

如:魏老汉说:“这钱咱不能要!”

这是单调的陈述,加上表情,手势和别人的衬托,该句的表达效果就会好起来

“魏老汉(扬起眉、绷着脸、重重地甩着手)说:“这钱咱不能要!”(给他送钱的人,吓得退好远)

练习:

1、牧场上长着酥油草,溪水在漫流。

2、我喜欢静幽,总斜倚着树干,思索友人的深情。

3、将“日出江花红胜火,春来江水绿如蓝”两句诗扩展为60字左右的语段。

答案示例:

1、(辽阔的)牧场上,长着(一色青翠的)酥油草,(清清的)溪水(齐着两岸的草丛在静静地)漫流。

2、我喜欢(红彤彤的枫叶旋在风里的)静幽,总(在晚霞中)斜倚着树干,(撷一片枫叶遮住眼睛,)思索友人的(脉脉)深情。

3、一轮红日从东方冉冉升起,江边的花儿在阳光的照射下显得格外鲜红,简直像一团团火焰,一江春水格外碧绿,让人觉得犹如生命在流动,这江南的春啊,简直让人如痴如醉……

(2)巧用修辞,使语言生动起来

修辞,犹如语言百花园中的艳朵奇葩,如果能在文章中适当的插几枝,那就会为我们的文章增添几分亮丽的色彩:巧设比喻,以求形象生动;大胆夸张,以显灵气飞扬;多用设问,以求启人深思;反复吟哦,以抒绵绵之情„„

A “比喻”艺术

“既要相信自己,又要听取别人的意见”这是一句抽象的议论,虽然有道理,但不吸引人。如果用生活打一个通俗形象的比喻——“相信自己就好比是开船的舵手,船由自己驾驶,而听取别人的意见就好比茫茫大海上的无数灯塔,为你指引方向,不会迷失方向而多走弯路。” 显而易见,用了比喻后。不仅是道理浅显易懂,而且更生动形象。

直接博喻式:喻势如破竹

连续性的议论,容易空洞乏味,如果恰当运用博喻,读起来既生动形象,又委婉动听,令人神清气爽。

例1、诚信如春天第一缕阳光,令人向往,敞开胸怀去接受;如夏天的一块西瓜,含在口中,甜到心里;如秋天远方飘来的一片火红的枫叶,勾起无限牵挂;如冬天漫天飘飞的雪花,永远那么纯洁。(《诚信——永远的绿卡》)

行文过程中构建博喻,可以形成破竹之气势,让读者在博喻的句式中去细细品味。本段作者深悟了这一方法:将“诚信”比作“春天第一缕阳光”、“夏天的一块西瓜”、“秋天远方飘来的一片火红的枫叶”和“冬天漫天飘飞的雪花”,以四季中最具代表性的事物为喻,视点独特。但作者并没有只是停留在一个简单的博喻的层面上,而是在每一个比喻后面又添加了一句一般学生看似容易但做起难的而表达效果又特别好的话。如“敞开胸怀去接受”,就把作者对如春天阳光的诚信的喜爱之情写了出来。

B “排比”艺术

排比起兴法——羞答答的玫瑰静悄悄地开

例1、如果我是米洛斯的维纳斯我决不舍弃“美貌”;如果我是古希腊的柏拉图我决不舍弃“才学”;如果我是威尼斯的夏洛克我决不舍弃“金钱”„„如果我只是我自己,那么我决不会放弃“诚信”。(《抉择》)

《孔雀东南飞》中首句“孔雀东南飞,五里一徘徊”是典型的起兴例子。这里先假设自己是米洛斯、柏拉图和夏洛克,而决不会舍弃“美貌”、“才学”和“金钱”,让读者推理,明白其意图:“我”不是上述三人,而是“我自己”;既是“我自己”就绝不会放弃“诚信”。正

是有了这一起兴式的排比,才将作者的意思在最后表达出来,这正如静悄悄的玫瑰“羞达达”地开了出来一样。

C “提问”艺术

a反问艺术的运用

运用反问句式,可以加强表达的肯定语气。而优秀的高考作文在这一点上都做得比较好。 例1、共和国元帅彭德怀曾说:“‘茄子不开虚花,小孩子不说假话。’难道我们大人还不如小孩子吗?”的确,我们从“人之初性本善”的童年所带来的那份淳朴的诚实,应该好好把握,怎能任岁月“雨打风吹去”,而洗掉了诚实的本色呢?(《把握诚信》)

先用“难道„„吗”的反问句式,再加上彭总的那句称赞小孩子“诚信”的话,表明我们大人确实应该比小孩子更能讲“诚信”;再用“怎能„„呢”的句式进一步强调我们不论在什么情况下都应守住自己的“诚信”的大门。整段话读来意味无穷,全仗两个反问句的表达效果。

b 设问艺术的运用

设问也是一种增强语言表达效果的好的修辞方法,如果使用得当,定当收到非常好的表达效果

例2、诚信是什么?才学说:“诚信是一种虚伪。我可以无所怜惜地抛弃它。”诚信说:“当老师的诚信化为空中楼阁,那么才学也不复延续。”于是才学凝滞了。(《诚信是什么?》) 本例与其他例子又不同:先设问“诚信是什么”,然后用“才学”和“诚信”两个本无生命无法对话的抽象概念来对话,从而揭示“诚信”不能丢这个主题的。

c连续发问艺术的运用

连续发问如连珠炮,问得你喘不过气来,正是在这种“紧张”的场面才有一种艺术的力量在召唤,从而恰当地表情达意,产生良好的语言表达效果。

例8、诚信是什么?是诚实?是信用?是真诚?是热情?

诚信是什么?是幼稚?是青涩?是无能?是愚蠢?一百双眼睛里有一百种诚信,一百个人给我一百种答案。(《诚信是什么?》)

本例作者深悟连续发问的真谛。两段文字一共使用了十个问句,真是让人应接不暇。先用一个设问“诚信是什么”,按一般的情况,就有可能回答成“诚实”、“信用”、“真诚”、“热情”,但作者的语言富于变化,没有这样做,而是连用了四个选择问,好认读者自己去选,不过这四个选择中的任何一个或几个似乎都可以作为答案。再来看第二段,作者也是先设问,但后面供选择的“幼稚”、“青涩”、“无能”、“愚蠢”中却无一个可做问题的答案的,但这正是作者的高明,他是反面来说的,意即如果思考不周,他的答案就会这四个中的一个或几个,那就错得远了。所以这两段是从正反两方面来解释“诚信”的内涵的。

练习:

1、以“爱心”为陈述对象,依照下面的句式再造两个句子,使之与例句一起构成一组排比句

例句:爱心是一首飘荡在夜空的歌谣,使孤独无依的人获得心灵的慰藉

爱心__________________________________________________________

爱心______________________________________________________________

2、在下面的横线处填上适当的语句,组成与前面句子呼应的排比句。

人生是一本怎样的书呢?有的人平平淡淡,和风细雨,但他的人生之书却丰富细腻; ____________________________________;_______________________________________

答案示例:

1、爱心是一片照射在冬日的阳光,使饱尝饥寒的人感受到人间的温暖;爱心是一首荡漾在夜空的歌谣,使孤苦无依的人获得心灵的慰藉。

2、人生是一本怎样的书呢?有的人平平淡淡,和风细雨,但他的人生之书却丰富细腻;有的人坎坎坷坷,千磨万难,但他的人生之书却引人入胜;有的人飞黄腾达,青云有路,但他的人生之书却不堪卒读。

(3)活用名言警句,使语言夺人眼球

例文1:那是我一直在寻觅着一种意境,一恍然见到的灯火阑珊处的身影。似乎是醉酒李白眯着惺忪的双眼大吼“会须一饮三百杯”的豪情万丈;又好像白乐天笔下“回眸一笑百媚生,后宫粉黛无颜色”的杨玉环般袅娜多情;或者又是易安的那丝丝离愁“才下眉头,又上心头”的无奈薄凉。

……

我还梦到了,梦到了易安居士的一颦一笑,是她“惊起一滩鸥鹭”的无措,也是“满地黄花堆积。憔悴损,如今有谁堪摘?”的无奈与荒凉;我也梦到了,梦到那千古情皇李后主的那一声轻叹,那句“奴为出来难,教君恣意怜”的香艳,又或许是“雕栏玉砌应犹在,只是朱颜改”的那份落寞。

2010广东《与你为邻》 例文2:走进缤纷的书简,捡拾先行者前行的脚步;打开飘零的册页,采撷历史真挚的泪滴。是谁感叹

福建省《用旁观的眼神》 A第一个层次是直接引用

如:我喜欢“人生自古谁无死,留取丹心照汗青”的诗句。

幸福是孟郊笔下的“临行密密缝,意恐迟迟归”。

B第二个层次是诗句后面有一定阐述(或解说)。

如: ①“生命就是 ‘感时花溅泪,恨别鸟惊心’ 的无奈与感伤。”

②“生命就是‘衣带渐宽终不悔,为伊消得人憔悴’的不懈追求。”

如:: ①美就是“一行白鹭上青天”的亮丽,

②美就是“芳草萋萋鹦鹉洲”的蓬勃,

③美就是“化作春泥更护花”的无私.

C第三个层次是化用古诗文名句。

如:思念使豪放派鼻祖幽梦还乡相顾无言垂泪千行;思念使婉约派泰斗酒醒晓风残月杨柳岸。

(化用了苏轼的“夜来幽梦忽还乡,相顾无言,唯有泪千行。”柳永的“今宵酒醒何处?杨柳岸晓风残月。”)

例2 “春花秋月不再有,古人的愁似一江春水向东流,今人的愁却是流水般的时间”

练习:

1、参考下列诗句,以“骨气”为话题,写一段话

①富贵不能淫,威武不能屈,贫贱不能移。

②安能摧眉折腰事权贵,使我不得开心颜?

③人的身躯怎能从狗洞子里爬出?

④粉骨碎身浑不怕,要留清白在人间。

2、化用下列诗句: ①美就是“一行白鹭上青天”的亮丽, ②美就是“芳草萋萋鹦鹉洲”的蓬勃, ③美就是“化作春泥更护花”的无私. 写一段话

答案示例:

1、骨气就是孟子“富贵不能淫,威武不能屈,贫贱不能移”的忠贞不渝;骨气就是李白“安能摧眉折腰事权贵,使我不得开心颜?”的傲岸不羁;骨气就是于谦“粉骨碎身浑不怕,要留清白在人间”的刚强不屈;骨气就是叶挺“人的身躯怎能从狗洞子里爬出?”的凛然不惧。

2、①“美就是那直上青天的一行白鹭。”②“美就是那鹦鹉洲头随风拂动的萋萋芳草。” ③“美就是那化作春泥更护花的点点落红。”

(4)多用句式,使语言活泼起来

散文化议论性语言,多讲究整散结合的句式,诵读起来既有典雅的韵致,又有活泼的灵性,可谓雅而不俗,整而不僵,美而不媚。整散结合的组织容易把握,见效较快,关键是要有意识去做,坚持去练。

“纵然江上风云变幻,守着自己的内心世界,不会孤独;望着高高扬起的风帆,不会寂寞。一个浪头袭来,小船侧身而过。我明白,我已跨过作文一味模仿这道坎,用心写作,从而走出了长久的困境。

2007年上海《必须跨过这道坎儿》 有青翠高大的松柏,有玲珑芬艳的野花,高与低、绿与红,点染完美的画卷;有如云朵飘飘的风帆,有如赤鳞翔浪的木船,枝与本,动与静,成就远航的轻骑。灿烂的阳光下,有“万类霜天竞自由”,也正是鱼与鸟、人与兽、雷与电、风与雨,补起乾坤中万象争荣的丽景。让参差咬合,长短互补,在竞争的天地间,让前进的齿轮运转!

山东《齿轮》

练习:

1、将划线的句子变成整句。

短工,他不知道世界上有什么叫做困难。

2、把下面句子变成散句。

尽管他们来自不同的地区,尽管他们彼此素不相识,尽管他们性格有所不同,但共同的语言却把他们紧紧地连在一起。

答案示例:

1、他度过了讨饭的童年生活,度过了在财东马房里睡过觉的少年时代,度过了在深山老林里打短工的青年时代,他不知道世界上有什么叫做困难。

2、尽管这些来自不同地区的人们彼此素不相识,性格也有所不同,但共同的语言却把他们紧紧地连在一起。

(二)、从读书积累做起,培养书卷之气

“腹有诗书气自华”,语言的源头在读书,读美文,心中才有美的语言储备,笔下才能妙笔生花。现在学生语言干瘪,一个重要的原因是阅读太少太单调,语言积累太少甚至贫乏。 有效积累的方法之一,是多度古今中外名著,从名著中吸取丰富的语言思想和文化素养,高考中的高分满分作文,绝大多数是从阅读中信手拈来,成就自己的精彩。

我有一双隐形的翅膀

曾经听过那首《隐形的翅膀》,动听的旋律,优美的歌词。是的,我们每个人都有一双隐形的翅膀,正是有了它,我们才能充满希望,飞向远方。而对于我,那双翅膀就是那看似厚重的书籍,正是有了它,我才能充满梦想,飞向远方。

清人涨潮在《幽梦影》中曾写道:“卷中有山水。”不错,书中自有黄金屋,书中自有颜如玉,前人的话犹在耳畔。读书是一种感悟的过程。那一本本书就仿佛一双隐形的翅膀,带我飞跃历史的长河,看云卷云舒,花开花落。于是我看见苏东坡在明月下起舞,高歌“但愿人长久,千里共婵娟”;我看见梭罗独自坐在瓦尔登湖垂钓一天星河,脸上是不尽的悠然;我看见千年的帝王将相,看见千年的兴亡成败。是的,书如翅膀,它带我的心灵飞出狭小的窗口,让我足不出户便能领略大千世界,开阔眼界,丰富思想。

天意从来高难定,人生中不可能永远一帆风顺,当我遭遇挫折痛苦时,正是书,那双隐形的翅膀,带我冲出重重阻碍,飞翔在湛蓝的天空。譬如说当我因考试成绩失落无助时,我会去读《东坡乐府》,让那“一蓑烟雨任平生”的旷达乐观冲走我的低迷情绪;又譬如说当我与朋友争吵时,伯牙子期那高山流水的曲子就会在我心中奏响,提醒我友谊的珍贵;而当我迷茫无助失去目标时,霍金那撰写《时间简史》的坚定的身影就会浮现在我面前,让我重新找回目标。是的,书如翅膀,它让我摆脱泥沼的纠缠,找到人生目标,直冲向美丽的天空。 因为痴迷于书籍,也就痴迷于写作,痴迷于信笔涂鸦。于是当一名作家就成了小小的我的一个大大的梦想。古人说:“读书破万卷,下笔如有神。”不错,倘若没有丰富的文化积淀,又怎能写出像样的作品?于是,书就更加成为了我一双不可或缺的隐形翅膀,它承载了我的梦想,穿过障目的乌云,带我飞向梦想的彼岸。

耳畔似乎又想起了那熟悉的旋律:我有一双隐形的翅膀,带我飞,给我希望。我有一双隐形的翅膀,带我飞,飞向远方。是的,书就是我那双隐形的翅膀,它丰富了我的眼界,指引了我的人生方向,带我飞向成功的彼岸。

评析:文中划线的句子皆是从读书中出来的。有无读书和读书的多少,字里行间自然照见,所以说读书时作文的硬功夫,不可或缺。

总结:读书贵在用心模仿,对一些文化大家要做到分类整合,下列八大作家的作品是值得专题研读的。

孔子、老子、屈原、司马迁、李白、杜甫、苏轼、鲁迅

赠言:

祖国的语言里,有黄河的不羁和刚强,有长江的奔放和潇洒;有大山的威武,有高原的粗犷,有江南的温柔,有水乡的秀雅。祖国的语言是一眼永不枯竭的甘泉,可浇灌祖祖辈辈不息的生机;祖国的语言是一片永不休止的音符,可谱写优雅的动人乐章!

亲爱的同学们,让你那饱含感情的笔,流淌出声情并茂、感人肺腑的亮丽语言来。

练习:

1、以《不自满,永远是上进的车轮》为题写一个议论片段,要求:必须运用比喻揭示自满的危害性和不自满的益处。

2、以“创造”或以“爱心”为话题写一段文字,必须用比喻句和排比句,字数在80字左右。

答案示例:

1、不自满,永远是上进的车轮。是的,人们只有不自满,方能孜以求进;人们只有不自满,方能跃跃以探索。有了不自满,方能有百尺竿头的更进一步;有了不自满,方能有百尺“危楼”的更进一层。不自满,它就像一叶扁舟,载着拥有它的人到达理想的彼岸;它就像一架云梯,使踏着它的人直攀成功的峰巅;它就像一盏明灯,引导垂青它的人走向光明。翻历史的画卷,无数伟人志士正是受益于不自满。正因为牛顿不为拾得一两枚“贝壳”而沾沾自喜,所以他才能终成现代力学的奠基人;正因为居里夫人不为一两项发现而洋洋自得,所以她才能终“镭”的母亲;正因为陈景润不为攀上一两个台阶而喜形却步,所以他才能闯入歌德巴赫猜想的神圣殿堂。不自满,总是给拥有它的人以恩惠,给向往它的人以上进。

2、创造是灰暗的夜空中划过的耀眼的流星,创造是早晨地平线上冉冉升起的一轮红日。创造缘于平凡,缘于思考。牛顿从苹果落地中,悟出了万有引力定律;鲁班在草丛中被叶片划破,创造了进步工具——锯;毕从千百次的探索中,创造了泥质活字印刷术。

爱心是火种,能点燃心中的希望;爱心是清泉,能滋润即将枯萎的禾苗;爱心是绿荫,能撑起一片新的天地。爱心给我们勇气、力量和信心,爱心帮助我们一次又一次战胜危险和困难。快快打开你我的心窗,让爱永驻你我的心间。

范文七:英语议论文~~

英语议论文常用句型

I. 开篇

1) Many nations have been faced with the problem of ……

2) Recently the problem has been brought into focus.

3) Recently the phenomenon has become a heated topic.

4) Recently the issue has aroused great concern among ……

5) Nowadays there is a growing concern over ……

6) Never in our history has the idea that …… been so popular.

7) Faced with ……, quite a few people argue that ……

8) According to a recent survey, ……

9) With the rapid development of ……,

10) When it comes to…, (当说到…)

二、列举观点

I. Some people think/believe that…,

Other argue/claim that the opposite/reverse is true

1.Obviously television has both advantages and disadvantages.

2.Living in a city has both advantages and disadvantages.

3.Compared with cars,bikes have their advantages and disadvantages. ,

4.Although computers bring people a lot of convenience,they have many disadvantages.

5....has many advantages.For example,…

6. However,just as every coin has two sides,…has it’s disadvantages.

II…play(s)an important role/part in……

1.Computers play an important role in science and technology.

2.Computers play a more and more important role in our life.

3.Computers play an increasingly important role in our studies.

4.Education plays an important part in developing our mind.

5.Addiction to alcohol and drugs plays a role in homelessness.

6.Advertisement plays an informative role in our daily life.

7.In the past,letters played a decisive role in long-distance communication.But now,telephone,email,and fax have taken their place.

III.With the development of…

1.With the development of our economy,many Chinese families can afford a car.

2.With the development of our economy and society,pollution is more and more serious.

3.With the rapid development of Science and technology,people can get a college degree by taking online-courses at home.

4.With the current social and technological developments,employees with more knowledge and higher academic degrees are needed.

5.With the rapid increase of China's population,housing problem is becoming more and more serious.

6.With more and more women entering the society,people's attitude towards women is changing.

7.With the deepening of Chinese reform and opening up, an increasing number of (a growing number of,a significant number of ) families can afford a car.

三、陈述自己观点

There is probably some truth in both arguments/statements,but…

四、批驳

1)It is true that ……, but one vital point is being left out.

2) There is a grain of truth in these statements, but they ignore a more important fact.

3) Some people say ……, but it does not hold water.

4) Many of us have been under the illusion that……

5) A close examination would reveal how ridiculous the statement is.

6) It makes no sense to argue for ……

7) Too much stress placed on …… may lead to ……

8) Such a statement mainly rests on the assumption that ……

9) Contrary to what is widely accepted, I maintain that ……

10) No one can deny the fact that ……

11) The idea is hardly supported by facts.

12) Unfortunately, none of the available data shows ……

13) Recent studies indicate that ……

14) There is sufficient evidence to show that ……

15) According to statistics proved by ……, it can be seen that ……

五、结尾句型 :

英语议论文多以简要总结全文或对所讨沦的问题提出解决办法来结尾。总结全文时除常用到in one/a word,generally speaking,to conclude等外,没有固定模式。提出解决办法时却常使用下一句型:

1) From what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that ……

2) It is high time that strict measures were taken to stop ……

3). We should take measures to control the rapidly increasing world population.

4). We’d better take effective measures to prevent students from cheating on exams.

5). The government decided to take strong measures against drug abuse.

6). Urgent measures should be taken to prevent terrorists from carrying out further attacks.

7) It is necessary that steps should be taken to ……

8) In conclusion, it is imperative that ……

9) There is no easy method, but ……might be of some help.

10) To solve the above-mentioned problem, we must ……

11) In summary, if we continue to ignore the above-mentioned issue, more problems will crop up.

12) With the efforts of all parts concerned, the problem will be solved thoroughly.

13) We might do more than identify the cause ; it is important to take actions to ……

14) Taking all these into account, we ……

15) Whether it is good or not /positive or negative, one thing is certain/clear……

六、其他句型

I、There be结构

There+be+主语+(修饰成分),表示客观存在的人或事物。

There must be a lot of fuel in the tank.

There remains nothing more to be done.

There is no point in talking about it again.

There is something you don't know.

There is not enough time to do the work.

There are some Y.

II、名词化结构

名词化结构用以表明抽象思维的逻辑性和概念化,从而使语体更加正式、更加具有书面语风格。

1.由of连接主谓关系

That the earth revolves around the sun causes the changes of the seasons.

名词化:The revolution of the earth around the sun causes the changes of the seasons.

2.由0f连接动宾关系

One of the most important natural phenomena is that energy is transmitted from one point to another in waves.

名词化:One of the most important natural phenomena is the transmission of energy from one point to another in waves.

3.用of连接含有by的短语,把简单句转换成名词短语

That James Watt invented the steam engine started the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century.

名词化:The invention of the steam engine by James Watt started the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century.

4.被动结构转换成名词

It has been suggested that red and green be applied to the design to produce a pleasant effect.

名词化:A suggestion has been made that red and green be applied to the design to produce a pleasant effect.

5.副词与动词一起转换成名词

The electronic computer is chiefly characterized by accuracy and quick computation.

名词化:The chief characteristic of the electronic computer is accuracy and quick computation.

6.介词短语与动词一起转换成名词

The professor explained the Theory of Relativity to his students in detail.

名词化:The professor gave his students a detailed explanation of the Theory of Relativity.

7.动词转换成介词短语

Some power plants are being constructed.

名词化: Some power plants are under construction

英语议论文写作模板

一、不同观点列举型(选择型)

There is a widespread concern over the issue that_____作文题目_____. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that_____观点一________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows:in the first place,_____原因一_______.Furthermore,in the second place, ___原因二_____. So it goes without saying that _____观点一_____.

People,however,differ in their opinions on this matter.Some people hold the idea that _____观点二_______. In their point of view, on the one hand,_____原因一_______. On the other hand,_____原因二_____. Therefore, there is no doubt that _____观点二______.

As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that_____观点一或二______.It is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________.

二、利弊型的议论文

Nowadays,there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目______. In fact,there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题_____. Generally speaking,it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly,___优点一______. And secondly ___优点二_____.

Just As a popular saying goes,every coin has two sides,__讨论议题______ is no exception,and in another word,it still has negative aspects. To begin with,___缺点一______. In addition, ____缺点二______.

To sum up,we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play,and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case,we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___.

三、答题性议论文

Currently,there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__作文题目_______ .It is really

an important concern to every one of us. As a result,we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem.

As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all,__途径一______. In addition,another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___途径二_____.

Above all,to solve the problem of ___作文题目______,we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned,I would prefer to solve the problem in this way,that is to say,____方法_____.

四、谚语警句性议论文

It is well know to us that the proverb:___谚语_______has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It means ____谚语的含义_______.The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. (also theoretically )

A case in point is ___例子一______. Therefore,it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb ____谚语_____.

With the rapid development of science and technology in China,an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: ____谚语_____. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying,the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job.

五、图表作文的框架

As is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table(graph/picture/pie/chart),___作文题目的议题_____ has been on rise/ decrease (goesup/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart,it goes without saying that ________.

There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On the one hand,________. On the other hand, _______ is due to the fact that ________. In addition,________ is responsible for _______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.

Directions: Some people say that the best preparation for life is learning to be competitive. Others take the opposite view and say that learning to be cooperative is the best preparation. Tell which one you agree with and explain why. (120-150 words)

Some institutions traditionally place more emphasis on the competitive spirit; others use cooperative methods. If I were forced to agree with just one of the two methods, my choice would be for a competitive environment.

The main reason why I feel that competition is important for the learner is that I know adult life to be difficult. Finding a good job, for example, is an extremely competitive activity. The potentially successful job applicant has to weigh up the competition from others. He then has to place himself in a stronger position by gaining more qualifications and experience.

A further reason why I advocate an attitude of competition is that people often make great efforts in a contest, particularly if there is a prize or chance of recognition. Official contests can provide a goal and framework for learning.

What is more, the essence of open competition is that, although we cannot win at everything, most of us do well in something. By attempting to compete at different activities, the student learns to win and to lose. He learns his strengths and his weakness.

To conclude, competitive learning prepares the student for the tough things in life. Once he is strong, he can begin to help others in a way that does not do harm to himself.

模版1

Some people believe (argue, recognize, think) that 观点1. But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that 观点2. As for me, I agree to the former/latter idea.

There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of all, 论据1.

More importantly, 论据2.

Most important of all, 论据3.

In summary, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.

或 From above, we can predict that 预测.

模版2

People hold different views about X. Some people are of the opinion that 观点1, while others point out that 观点2. As far as I am concerned, the former/latter opinion holds more weight.

For one thing, 论据1.

For another, 论据2.

Last but not the least, 论据3.

To conclude, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心. 或 From above, we can predict that 预测.

模版3

There is no consensus of opinions among people about X(争论的焦点)。Some people are of the view that 观点1,while others take an opposite side, firmly believing that 观点2。As far as I am concerned, the former/latter notion is preferable in many senses. The reasons are obvious.

First of all, 论据1。

Furthermore, 论据2。

Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. That is, 论据3。

A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that总结观点。

As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.

或 From above, we can predict that 预测.

e.g. should women be regarded as inferior to men?

(1)

I never think that women should be treated as the second-class citizens. observing objectively, you’ll find that women have succeeded in virtually any existing occupation you care to name: politicians, soldiers, doctors, university professors, lawyers, business executives, scientists and even presidents of countries. today’s intense competition in jobs is not only between men, but also between men and the ’weaker sex’, who have often put men to shame in almost every field. yet men refuse to acknowledge them and give women their due, and their attitude towards women BEComes even more hostile. the only sound explanation for this is that men shun (回避,躲避) real competition-they are afraid of being beaten at the games that they consider to be their own.

if there is anything that men are better than women, it is their physical strength. no other things that men claim to excel in are borne out by statistics. physical strength excluded, the fact is that men and women are basically equal in all kinds of a

bilities except when it comes to language art and negotiation skills, at which women are better. you can be sure that if negotiation tasks were left to women who are gentler, more graceful and levelheaded, they would succeed brilliantly, where men have failed for centuries, and therefore war has been a frequent scene on this planet. believe it or not, it is women who could turn those filthy and bloody battlefields into lands of joy. so some things are too important to be left to men! (252 words)

(2)

it sounds pretty ridiculous to claim that men and women are equal and have the same abilities. men have excelled in every field of work. plato, freud, beethoven, einstein, pavarotti and li ning are the names of great men in different fields, to name just a few. can you effortlessly think up a woman’s name that can match those brilliant names? you may argue that you can name a dozen of great women athletes. well, yes. however, they look great simply because they have never run or played against men. see what happens if you group men and women together in the same race. women are justifiably called the weaker sex not only because they are physically weak, they are mentally fragile as well. they depend too little on cool reasoning and too much on intuition and instinct to arrive at decisions. sometimes they are not even capable of thinking clearly. that is why they often gossip and chatter and scream whenever they talk, which men seldom do, and that is also why there are eMBArrassingly few women politicians in any country you can think of. big decisions are always left for men to make, for they are more reliable, rational, and levelheaded.

many women complain that they look inferior because they have never been offered equal opportunities in jobs. this may have been true in the long past, but not now. the fact is that jobs are open to both sexes, but it is almost impossible for women to be wives, mothers and successful career women all at once. actually most women are glad to let men support their families. they know that bearing and rearing children are more important. and that is why men outnumber women in practically every kind of job. they are not excluded; they exclude themselves. (299 words)

Graduates’ pressure in finding jobs

Nowadays, more and more university graduates complain that graduation does not equate to employment. They experience great difficulties finding satisfactory jobs. What is the cause of this phenomenon

In my opinion, there are four causes:

First, graduates lack experience. They spend most of their time at school studying academic subjects and lack relevant job training. Only after graduation do they realize it’s hard to find jobs.

Second, competition among graduates grows more bitter and more bitter and bitter. The supply of university graduates exceeds social demand. This results in a decreased chance for any individual graduate to find a job.

Third, some students don’t study hard. Some of them skip classes just because they have no interest in certain subjects. Some play computer games or pursue other interests. Some sleep in class or in the library. Then they leave the sheltered environment of the university campus, to discover they don’t have adequate knowledge to apply for many positions, which makes them feel lost and frustrated.

Finally, some graduates are conceited. They lack experience but ask for a high salary, which is impractical.

So, university students should try their best to change this situation. When they are in school, they should make the most of their time and put their heart into their studies. They can hold part-time jobs in their spare time to accumulate relevant work experience. They should take part in some social activities and provide themselves with special training, if possible. When they graduate and apply for jobs, they should attach more importance to accumulating experience than to their starting salary.

On University Students’ Pressure in Finding Jobs

About a decade ago, university students could find satisfactory and enviable jobs after their graduation. But now, things are different. Today's university students usually have much pressure in finding fairly good jobs. They always say disappointedly that graduation means joblessness. Why nowadays university students have so much pressure in finding jobs?

In my opinion, this kind of pressure is mainly caused by three reasons. Firstly, the government is enrolling more and more university students year by year. And the growth of the students' number has surpassed that of the need of the society. So, when so many students graduate at a time, the chance of finding jobs becomes tiny. Secondly, today's university students, most of them are the

范文八:英语议论文

① 网上聊天越来越流行

② 有人反对它,有人赞同。

③ 我的看法

With the development of IT, online chatting is becoming increasingly popular with many people.

However, people’s opinions about it vary from person to person. Some think that it has more problems than benefits. First, it is a waste of time, energy and money as it doesn’t produce any useful information and products. Second, it is misleading to its users because cyberspace is actually an imaginary space where things are unreal or fictional.

But the advocates of online chatting support it because it is another way of recreation which is both exciting and relaxing. Besides, it helps them release their emotions and worries freely and safely. To them, it is very useful and wonderful.

As far as I am concerned, whether online chatting is good or bad depends on the person who does it. So long as we can keep ourselves under good control, we can use it scientifically and properly without its bad effects.

议论文范文 2

As students, we always have a lot of exams/tests every term. Tests are used nowadays to check/examine/measure how well /effectively students study. Exams are a very useful and important educational tool of measurement.

However, exams have some side effects of their own. First, some exams can’t reflect the real progress students make. Second, too difficult or too many exams force students to cheat in exams. Too many exams force students to study for the sake of exams only, to name just a few.

In my opinion, advantages of exams far outweigh their disadvantages. Despite their side effects, exams can on the whole check and show how well students study scientifically and accurately. At least so far there has been not any method that take their place in education. Besides, exams seem to be fair to all students as they are objective and everyone is equal before test results.

To conclude, exams may continue to exist in our education for a long time before they are replaced by some better measurement methods.

记叙文范文

Eye-witness account of a traffic accident

假如你在某日某地某时目击一起车祸,就此写一份见证书。见证书如下:

1. 车祸发生的时间和地点

2. 你所见到的车祸的情况

3. 你对车祸原因的分析

I witnessed a traffic accident on the street at about 5p.m. yesterday. Here is my account of it.

It happened at 5p.m. yesterday at the Xiao Zai intersection when I was on my way back to my school. A taxi ran into a cycling boy riding across Chang An Road near the crossroad. When the taxi pulled up abruptly after the driver realized what had happened, the boy was already lying on the ground, bleeding and crying aloud. In 5 minutes, an ambulance came and took away the wounded boy.

There is no knowing how it came about. But I suppose it was because

the boy ran the red light and the taxi driver took it for granted that there would be no pedestrian or cyclist would cross the road at that moment. This accident warns us of the danger of ignoring traffic regulations.

图表文范文

1. 描写该图并用数字说明

2. 分析其原因及未来的趋势

3. 结论

With the rapid economic growth in China, there has been an increasingly great demand for fuel resources. Among them, natural gas is clean, convenient and inexpensive. The above graph shows the output of natural gas in China between 1991 and 1995.

As can be seen from the graph, there had been a steady increase in its output since 1991. In 1991, there was only 15.5 billion cubic meters of natural gas produced in China. After that, almost every year witnessed a steady increase by 0.5 billion cubic meters. By 1995, the output had increased to 17.5 billion cubic meters, an increase by about 13% over that of 1991.

There are many factors leading to this sharp increase in its output. To name only a few, the greater industrial demand, demands from daily life, convenience and cleanness in itself, etc. stimulate its output increase.

In conclusion, we can safely predict the output will continue to increase in the foreseeable future because of the greater demands for it.

Sample 5. A Letter of Complaint

Directions: Write a letter of no less than 120 words to your neighbour, who lives above your apartment in the same building and makes a lot of noise recently at night. Your letter should be polite but tell him or her clearly that you want him/her to stop making noise at night and why. Write a letter in the space provided on the Answer Sheet.

Dear Sir/Madam:

I am your neighbor living downstairs under your apartment in the same building. I am writing you to make a complaint to you./I am writing you to complain of the noise you make during the night.

Recently you are making noise during the night that has disturbed my rest. Almost every night, there comes some noise from your apartment just as I go to bed and am on my way to a dream. I wonder what the noise is. Are you repairing your furniture? Are you doing physical exercises? However, whatever you do at that time of the night, you have to take your neighbors and their rest into consideration. In a word, you are disturbing both your other neighbors and me.

Therefore/So, please stop making noise at night.

Take care.

Yours friendly neighbor

Sample 6. Natural Gas Output in China

With the rapid economic growth in China, there has been an increasing demand for fuel resources. Among them, natural gas is clean, convenient and inexpensive. The above graph shows the output of natural gas in China between 1991 and 1995.

As can be seen from the graph, there had been a steady increase in its output since 1991. In 1991, there was only 15.5 billion cubic meters of

natural gas produced in China. After that, almost every year witnessed a steady increase by 0.5 billion cubic meters. By 1995, the output had increased to 17.5 billion cubic meters, an increase by about 13% over that of 1991.

There are many factors leading to this sharp increase in its output. To name only a few, the greater industrial demand, demands from daily life, convenience and cleanness in itself, etc. stimulate its output increase.

In conclusion, we can safely predict the output will continue to increase in the foreseeable future because of the greater demands for it.

Sample 7. The Importance of Interpersonal Communication.

1. 人人需要与他人交流

2. 人际交流的重要性

3. 结论

Entering the 21st century, man is now in an age of information and knowledge. In such an age, interpersonal communication plays an increasingly important role and all people have to communicate with others.

Why is interpersonal communication so important? First, it helps people understand each other better. Second, it helps people get more information and knowledge. Third, without interpersonal communication, our life would become a desert of emotion and friendship. Last but not the least, communication between people makes our life lively, interesting and lovely.

In a word, humans, as social animals, have to communicate with each other, the importance of which can never be overemphasized.

Why is interpersonal communication so important? Interpersonal communication is just like a bridge of understanding between people. For example, it helps students to learn more effectively if one can communicate more with his teachers and classmates. In a family, communication makes the family members understand each other better and get closer. In the workplace, communication between the employer and the employed creates a friendly and helpful working environment.

Sample 8 How to Study Effectively

As students, we have to study almost every day. However, how can we study effectively? Probably not everybody knows. Have a look at the following graph and we may know better about this.

This graph shows the relationship between the amount of study efficiency and the hours spent in studying in a day. From it, we can see that more hours of study do not necessarily result in better or higher study efficiency. In the graph, the best amount of efficiency or the optimum of efficiency comes when one has studied for about 5.5 hours. However, the efficiency begins to drop as he studies longer than 5.5. By the time when one has studied for 10 hours in a day, his efficiency of study may become nothing or zero.

In conclusion, there is always a maximum of efficiency and time for study in a day. More time spent in study doesn’t always mean better efficiency. This may tell us how we can study effectively.

范文九:议论文语言

高一语文导学案第 1

高一语文导学案第 2

高一语文导学案第 3

高一语文导学案第 4

示例1逆境与成才

人只有在逆境中才能奋起,凤凰只有在浴火中才能涅磐,海燕只有在暴风雨中才能搏击不见风雨,怎么能见彩虹没有紧张激烈的革命风暴怎么能锻炼出钢铁般的坚强意志,平静的湖面练不出精悍的水手,安逸的环境造不出时代的伟人没有风暴,船帆只不过是一块破布;没有逆境,成才只不过是懦夫的奢望 逆境,就是不顺的境遇。司马迁一生经历坎坷,因李陵案而遭受酷刑中最为人诟辱的腐刑后,“肠一日而九回,居则忽忽若有所亡,出字不知所往,每念斯耻,汗未尝不发背沾衣也”他曾想过死,但一想到“人固有一死,或重于泰山,或轻于鸿毛”,他犹豫了,因为他把父亲的遗愿看得比一切都宝贵他想起了文王、屈原、孙子、韩愈“《诗》三百篇,大底圣贤发愤之所为作也”于是,他的思想升华了,他发奋著书,终于完成了这唱响千古的“史家之绝唱,无韵之离骚”

示例2宝剑锋从磨砺出,梅花香自苦寒来。正因如此,司马迁才对那些在逆境中发奋,在厄运中不屈不挠,在险境中视死如归的人有着深刻的理解假如当时司马迁没有遭受如此巨大的痛苦,他能写出这千古流传的《史记》,还会刻画出荆轲、毛遂这么多有血有肉、栩栩如生、呼之欲出的磨难英雄么?

苏格拉底说过,患难与困苦是磨练人生的最高学府。逆境是一所大学,许多名人伟人都是在这所大学里磨练成才,而后取得辉煌成就的譬如奥斯特洛夫斯基在全身瘫痪、双目失明时的从容,罗斯福在挫折面前的淡定,贝多芬在厄运中的抗争……我们被无数身处逆境却执着无畏的人们深深打动是逆境,给了他们一颗勇敢的心;是逆境,给了他们超越自我的力量;是逆境,终使他们名垂千古

示例3“天将降大任于斯人也,必先苦其心志,劳其筋骨,饿其体肤,空乏其身,行拂乱其所为,所以动心忍性,增益其所不能”。霍金如果没有遭受疾病,他的思绪就不能畅游宇宙,就不会广被尊崇为继爱因斯坦以来最杰出的理论物理学家;贝多芬如果没有坎坷的命运,《命运》就不会震撼一代又一代人;海轮、凯勒若不是熬过那一段无光、无声的孤独岁月,就不能用一颗不屈的心,用爱去拥抱世界;苏轼没有“黄州惠州儋州”,又怎么能发出“一蓑烟雨任平生”的豪放不羁

人的生命似洪水奔流,不遇到岛屿和暗礁,难以激起美丽的浪花人只有处于逆境之中,抱着“乘风破浪会有时,直挂云帆济沧海”的心态,才能成才,才能在世界的海洋上激出属于自己的浪花

点评:作者运用逻辑中的假言推理对论据进行合理分析,有力论证了论点举例时既有点的剖解,又有面的拓展,值得借鉴

• 例文一 没有任何借口

生活就是一方沃土,你播下什么,就收获什么:播下一种心态,收获一种思想;播下一种思想,收获一种行动;播下一种行动,收获一种习惯;播下一种习惯,收获一种命运。当你播下“没有任何借口”的种子,你就会收获诚实的心态,服从的思想,敬业的行动,负责的习惯和无悔的人生。

“诚实是力量的一种象征,它显示着一个人的高度自重和内心的安全感与尊严感。”华盛顿小时候曾砍了他爸爸的樱桃树,面对爸爸的批评,他没有找任何借口,而是诚实地承认了错误。正是他这种从小就培养起的诚实的习惯,造就他优秀的人品,成为他开创辉煌的人生的必要条件。 “没有任何借口”是一种服从。西点军校的学员常说:“报告长官,没有任何借口。”他们的服从意识,正是他们战胜众多竞争对手、走向成功的一个重要条件。作为一个军人,就要懂得服从命令;作为一个学生,也要懂得服从教诲;作为一个公民,更要懂得服从规范。鲜艳的花朵,服从了季节的更替,笑容才更加灿烂;欢快的溪流,服从了温度的变化,歌声才更加悦耳。面对国家法律、规章制度、上级的正确领导、社会的道德规范等等,我们没有任何借口,只能服从。

没有任何借口是一种敬业。当又一颗超级明星在NBA中冉冉升起时,我们中国人都为之兴奋。姚明在

高一语文导学案第 5

篮球事业上正如日中天,这与他的敬业精神是密不可分的。自进NBA以来,他从没有休息过一天,包括回国的几天他都没有停止过训练。他认为职业球员就应该对职业负责,保持良好的身体状态,不能以任何借口停止训练。正是这种敬业精神,才帮助他逐步走向“超级中锋”的行列。

文学巨著《巴黎圣母院》的出版轰动了当时的整个法国,可谁敢想象它仅用了半年的时间就写成了呢?当雨果同出版商签订合同后,把所有外出的衣服锁进柜子,把钥匙扔进湖里,彻底断绝了外出会友和旅游的念头,潜心写作,终于创造了一个奇迹。疲劳不是借口,单调不是借口,寂寞不是借口,“没有任何借口”是一种高度敬业的责任感。

错误就是错误,不要为自己找回避的借口;命令就是命令,不要为自己作逃脱的辩解;责任就是责任,不要为自己找推卸的理由。时刻明白“没有任何借口”,你就会收获一种心态,叫诚实;收获一种思想,叫服从;收获一种精神,叫敬业;收获一种命运,叫无悔。

例文2别给错误找借口

墙角的花,不思进取,凋零落寞,它以生于墙角为借口,结束了它被人忽视的一生; 笼中的鸟,自甘堕落,安于享乐,它以困于笼中为借口,走过了它不再展翅的一生; 树下的草,凄黄倾颓,柔弱无力,它以长于树下为借口,造就了它衰败枯萎的一生。

错误就是错误,没有任何借口。借口就如同透明的肥皂泡,将错误掩藏其中支持瞬间的体面,之后便化为乌有,使错误更明显地暴露出来。古人云:“人非圣贤,孰能无过。过则改之,善莫大焉。”既然错误不可避免,那么正视错误,重新开始,别给错误找借口便是最好的选择。 别给错误找借口,就要勇于承担责任。

三国时期,曹操亲率大军征战,为争取民心,下令军队沿途不得践踏百姓庄稼,违者格杀勿论。可偏偏就是曹操自己的坐骑在受到惊吓后进了老百姓的庄稼地,虽经众将苦劝,最终没有取下自己的脑袋,但也割下了自己的头发以示惩罚。曹操在错误面前并没有为自己找借口推脱,反而勇于承担责任,严于律己。曹操之所以能统一北方,不为自己的错误找借口是重要原因之一。 别给错误找借口,就要敢于言而有信。

魏文侯是战国时魏国国君,有一次,他与掌管山泽的官员约定打猎。这天,喝着酒十分快乐,天又下雨,但魏文侯还是要出去赴约。左右的人说:“今天饮酒兴致正高,天又下雨,您要去哪儿呢?”魏文公说:“我与掌管山泽的官员约好打猎,现在虽然非常快乐,但怎么能失约呢?”于是冒雨前往,自己亲自向掌管山泽的官员宣布取消打猎。如果魏文侯为自己的失信找借口,又何以取信于国民,一言九鼎? 别给错误找借口,就要善于从谏如流。

齐王没有为自己不知民情找借口,而是欣然采纳邹忌的建议,宣布“群臣吏民能面刺寡人之过者受上赏……”从善如流,致使齐国日益强大;刘邦没有为自己贪恋女色找借口,而是虚心听取樊哙张良的意见封锁秦宫、驻扎霸上,终于战胜项羽成就霸业;唐太宗没有为自己偏听偏信找借口,而是以魏征为镜,谦逊地采纳魏征的逆耳忠言,因而创造了繁荣昌盛的“贞观之治”。

别给错误找借口就是不给失败找理由。试想:如果墙角的花不以生于墙角为借口,而是积蓄力量喷薄开放,又怎么会被人忽略?如果笼中的鸟不以困于笼中为借口,而是韬光养晦,在开笼的那一刹那振翅高飞,又怎么会老死于猪笼之中?如果树下的草不以长于树下为借口,而是争取阳光不断自强,又怎么会枯萎凋零?

面临错误的时候,不给错误找借口,离成功就会更靠进一步。

高一语文导学案第 6 页

范文十:英语议论文

议论文:文无定法,关键在于能否解决人们不知道的问题和信不信的问题。

有理有据:理是来说明深度,据避免空谈,提供论据。

内容上有条有理,层次清楚,结构得体恰当。

以鲜明的态度表达自己的主张和观点,以充分的材料证明其观点。

论点、论据、论证。

引论-开头部分,提出问题。本论-主体部分,分析问题,结论-结尾,解决问题。 整体布局,总分总。

中国应该放弃计划(独生子女)生育政策

众所周知,中国(世界上人口最多的国家)严格实施独生子女政策已有三十五之久,在这三十五年里,中国较好的控制的人口规模总数,并且取得了巨大的经济成就。 然而,我却依旧认为我们国家应该取消独生子女政策。

因为,按照现在的生育政策发展下去,

首先,中国现在的人口结构及其不合理,老龄化严重,男女性别比例不均衡,这些都是有独生子女政策所导致的,,因为只允许生育一个子女,因此形成了4-2-1家庭,即四个祖父母,两个父母,一个子女,这样就导致中国未来未来缺少劳动力。因为中国普遍存在的重男轻女的家庭观念,以及政策上的偏向,在广大的农村地区,第一台是女儿的,允许生育第二胎,而大多数家庭则会一直选着生育第二胎,第三胎甚至是第四台,直到生出男孩。 事实上,当年中国制定独生子女政策时的依据是错误的,中国的领导层患有“人口恐怖症”,认为中国人口越多,那么中国的人均所占有的资源会越少,那么中国就会越穷,所以,“一胎化”的出台在缺乏专家严密论证的情况下,迅速出台。然而事实证明中国近年来的快速发展,正是由于中国庞大的人口所造就的廉洁劳动力。人口规模会集聚规模效应,推动经济发展。例如,迪拜,一个既缺水并且石油储备并不丰富的国家,却依靠旅游和购物成为世界上最有钱的地区。商贸旅游

因为,按照现在的生育政策发展下去,中国是没有未来的,在1840年时,中国的人口占世界的四分之一,上世纪九十年代,中国人口占世界21%,然而,据统计截止2012年,中国人口占世界人口比例的19%。,如果这样继续下去,那我们的民族怎么有未来?Years of one-child policies have left the Chinese population nastily unbalanced.

所以,我们认为独生子女政策应该放开,甚至应该全面放开计划生育政策,事实上,在上个月,中国官方已经明确表示取消独生子女政策,这样我们看到了这个民族的希望。我们相信这个未来会采取宽松的生育政策的。

The One Child Policy

As we know,the one child policy has been implemented over 35 years,which was

thought to contribute to the development of our country. However,I don’t agree with this argument.And I consider the policy should be abolished.

Actually,the basis of drawwing up the one child policy was wrong. The chinese

leadership has a

In fact,That china has developed rapidly in recent years benfits from the large

populartion of people which lead to the cheap labors.But those people,most of them belongs to our parents’ generation,were born before the one child policy. Population size will gather the scale effect, and promote the economic development. For example, Dubai, a country that is not rich in oil reserves and short of water, is the world's most rich because of the prosperous tourism and trade.

Thinks to the one child policy,china has to face a series of problems,such as the

serious aging, the imbalance sex ratio between men and women.It is reported that there will be thirty million men's singles in the future which is the result of the common ideas, Man is superior to woman. This will bring great risks to China's social stability in the future.The disappearance of the demographic dividend will restric development of our society.

According to the current fertility policy development, There is no future for China.

In the past 2000 years, China's population has been the world's 20% or more. However, the proportion has declined amazing rapidly. In 1840, China's population accounted for 1/4 of the world.the last century ninety's, It is 21% , however, according to latest statistics, as of 2012, China's population merely accounted for 19% of the world's population. , if this continues, that our nation how have the future?Who will Inherit and carry forward Chinese culture?

All in all, we believe that the one-child policy should be released, and even the full

liberalization of family planning policy, in fact, in the last month, the Chinese government has made it clear that the abolition of the one-child policy, thus make we see the hope of the nation. We believe that the government will adopt a looser policy of fertility in the coming future because China's younger generation is reluctant to have children. Let's see it.

The One Child Policy

As we know,the one child policy has been implemented over 35 years,which was thought to contribute to the development of our country. However,I don't agree with this statement. And I consider the policy should be abolished.

Actually,the basis of drawing up the one child policy was wrong. The

chinese leadership has a

finite. Thus the policy related to the future of our nation is hastily published without being testified strict by the relevant expert and scholars..

In fact,that china has developed rapidly in recent years benefits from the large population of people which lead to the cheap labors. But those

people,most of them belongs to our parents' generation,were born before the one child policy.Population size will gather the scale effect, and promote the economic development. For example, Dubai, a country that is not rich in oil reserves and short of water, is the world's richest because of the prosperous tourism and trade.

Thinks to the one child policy,china has to face a series of problems,such as the serious aging, the imbalance sex ratio between men and women. It is

reported that there will be thirty million men's singles in the future which is the result of the common ideas, Man is superior to woman. This will bring great risks to China's social stability in the future. The disappearance of the demographic dividend will restrict development of our society.

According to the current fertility policy development, there is no future for China. In the past 2000 years, China's population has been the world's 20% or more. However, the proportion has declined rapidly. In 1840, China's

population accounted for 1/4 of the world. the last century ninety's, it is 21% , however, according to latest statistics, as of 2012, China's population merely accounted for 19% of the world's population. , if this continues, do our nation have the future?Who will Inherit and carry forward Chinese culture?

All in all, we believe that the one-child policy should be released, and even the full liberalization of family planning policy, in fact, in the last month, the Chinese government has made it clear that the abolition of the one-child policy, thus make we see the hope of the nation. We believe that the government will adopt a looser policy of fertility in the coming future because China's younger generation is reluctant to have children. Let's see it.

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Students Should Have Equal Right with Teachers on the Priority of Take

School Bus

School bus is convenient for students and teachers between two campuses. It has no

pause during the whole way, and it spends less time than other transportation. Because of this, it is very popular among students and teachers. But people have different opinions about whether there should be priority for teachers to get on the school bus. Some people agree that teachers should get onto school bus firstly. While the others keep opposite points. In my opinion , students should have equal right with teachers on the priority of take school bus.

Students have to queue up for more than half an hour before they have a chance to

get on the school bus ,even in the cold winter. While students have no choice but waiting if they want to take school bus. When it is time to get on the bus ,the students must wait until all teachers get on the school bus ,while teachers do not queue. If there are too many teachers , there will not enough seats for students even they have queued up for a long time . It is not fair for students because there always left only a few seats for the students so most of the students who have waited for a long time must take the metro or taxi. Some students who fail to take school bus may be late for important meetings, interviews, and

so on. It maybe leads to serious consequences. Why students have no equal right even if they pay more than teachers?

This issue not only happens in our university. Students in Guangdong Ocean

University have a heated discussion in forum. Most students agree that everyone is born equal. No matter who should stand in line for school buses. They also argue that teachers always jump the queue in school buses without order. The teacher should be the model of virtue for students. But many teachers' behaviors make students very disappointed. The same issue also happened in Guangdong polytechnic normal university, Chongqing normal university, and so on.

More than one my schoolmate express their angry about this problem on Internet,

such as friend circle, QQ zone, microblog, and so on. Lu xun, a famous writer, said,

The opponent thinks teachers are always tired after a whole morning's classes and

they have no extra time to line up for school buses. Students also feel tired after they finish their mission. And not all the students have more spare time. They also have to take many classes, take part in many activities, and other interesting thing they want to do in the university. Even if students have more spare time, I fear no one is glad to spend time in vain waiting. Otherwise, some one plays fun on himself

In my view, it is natural to show respect to teachers. But it is not necessary at the

cost of students' time. And school should pay attention on this issue. The relevant apartment should take some measures to resolve this problem. For instance, adding to the number of school bus to insure most students can take school buses. Observing the rule 'first come, first served'.

Students, not just teachers, are the object of service in school. It is unwise to attach

importance to teachers while lose insight of students. I think student should have equal right with teachers on the priority of take school bus.

I think this topic is very close to our life and full of controversy.It is very good for

you to think of it.

But there still are some detials to be care about.For example,“In my opinion ,

students should have equal right with teachers on the priority of take school bus.” The phrase “the priority of take school bus.” Should be the priority of taking school bus.Do you think so?

Secondly,I consider that you paper have some convincing arguments? I mean you

just explain the reason over and over again without a number of facts or datas to support you idea. Meanwhile,you should ask some teachers the question and get their voice heard.I think that will be more perfect.

In fact,I agree with you.I think the university can provide some special buses for

the teachers.If any teacher didn’t get on the buses,he or she should wait for the buses for in quene like other students. does it sound great?

The One Child Policy

As we know,the one child policy has been implemented over 35 years,which was thought to contribute to the development of our country. However,I don't agree to this statement. And I consider the policy should be abolished.

Actually,the basis of drawing up the one child policy was wrong. The

chinese leadership has a

In fact,that china has developed rapidly in recent years benefits from the large population of people which lead to the cheap labors. But those

people,most of them belongs to our parents' generation,were born before the one child policy.Population size will gather the scale effect, and promote the economic development. For example, Dubai, a country that is not rich in oil reserves and short of water, is the world's richest because of the prosperous tourism and trade.

Thinks to the one child policy,china has to face a series of problems,such as the aging population, the imbalance sex ratio between men and women. It is reported that there will be thirty million men's singles in the future which is the result of the common ideas, Man is superior to woman. This will bring great risks to China's social stability in the future. The disappearance of the demographic dividend will restrict development of our society.

According to the current fertility policy development, there is no future for China. In the past 2000 years, China's population has been the world's 20% or more. However, the proportion has declined rapidly. In 1840, China's

population accounted for 1/4 of the world. the last century ninety's, it is 21% , however, according to latest statistics, as of 2012, China's population merely accounted for 19% of the world's population. , if this continues, will our nation have the future?Who will inherit and carry forward Chinese culture?

All in all, we believe that the one-child policy should be released, and even the full liberalization of family planning policy, in fact, in the last month, the Chinese government has made it clear that the abolition of the one-child policy, thus make we see the hope of the nation. We believe that the government will adopt a looser policy of fertility in the coming future because China's younger generation is reluctant to have children. Let's see it.